bupivacaine

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bupivacaine

 [bu-piv´ah-kān]
a local anesthetic, used as the hydrochloride for local infiltration, peripheral nerve block, and retrobulbar, subarachnoid, sympathetic, caudal, or epidural block.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

bupivacaine

(byo͞o-pĭv′ə-kān′)
n.
A potent, long-acting anesthetic, C18H28N2, used for regional anesthesia in its hydrochloride form.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

bupivacaine

A potent long-acting amide-class local anaesthetic with a 4–8 hour duration of action, which is doubled by adding adrenaline/epinephrine.

Adverse effects
• CNS toxicity—Nervousness, perioral tingling, tinnitus, tremor, dizziness, blurred vision and seizures, followed by drowsiness, loss of consciousness, respiratory depression and apnoea.
• Cardiotoxicity—Hypotension, bradycardia, arrhythmias and cardiac arrest.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

bupivacaine

Marcaine® Anesthesiology A potent local anesthetic with a 4-8 hr duration of action, doubled by adding epinephrine. Cf Ropivacaine.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

bupivacaine

A long-acting local anaesthetic drug often used for nerve blocks, especially in epidural anaesthesia during childbirth and for the control of postoperative pain. The drug is on the WHO official list. A brand name is Marcaine.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
All of the ACL reconstructions had a General Anaesthetic and all had infiltration of their graft site and medial wound with Bupivicaine. 42 had a Femoral nerve block with Bupivicaine and eight had a Bupivicaine Femoral and Sciatic nerve block.
Anesthesia for coronary artery bypass surgery supplemented with subarachnoid bupivicaine and morphine: A report of 18 cases.
He told the Yardley family there were a number of possible causes including an adverse reaction to local anaesthetic Bupivicaine, death from a spasm of the larynx in the throat or cardiac arythmia - when the heart stops suddenly, but they would never know for sure.
Other approaches have not been well studied: lidocaine patch, benzydamine cream, vincristine and dimethylsulfoxide iontophoresis, tramadol, and bupivicaine sympathetic block.
Epidural analgesia with bupivicaine was provided, along with 5 days of intensive inpatient therapy.
The drug, Bupivicaine, is often used in childbirth.
The drug Bupivicaine, which should have been given spinally after the operation to help ease the pain, was injected by mistake into the patient's vein by a senior and experienced male consultant.
They were given the drug Bupivicaine which should have been given spinally after the operation to help ease the pain.
Patient received 2.5ml of 0.25% Bupivacaine (1.25 ml of 0.5% bupivicaine + diluted with 1.25 ml of 5% dextrose, to maintain the baricity).
Of these 55 patients, 9 of the 27 (33%) patients injected with bupivicaine alone decided to not have surgery while 20 of the 28 (71%) of patients injected with steroids decided to not have surgery (p < 0.004).