Bunyaviridae


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Related to Bunyaviridae: Arenaviridae, Filoviridae, hantavirus

Bun·ya·vir·i·dae

(bŭn'yă-vir'i-dē),
A family of arboviruses composed of more than 200 virus serotypes and containing at least five genera: Bunyavirus, Hantavirus, Phlebovirus, Nairovirus, and Tospovirus. Virions in all genera except Hantavirus replicate in arthropods. Virions are 80-120 nm in diameter, sensitive to lipid solvents and detergents, and enveloped with glycopolypeptide surface projections; the nucleocapsid is of helical symmetry containing three molecules of single-stranded RNA (MW 5-8 × 106).
[Bunyamwere, Uganda]

Bunyaviridae

/Bun·ya·vi·ri·dae/ (bun″yah-vir´ĭ-de) the bunyaviruses: a family of RNA viruses whose genome comprises three molecules of circular negative-sense single-stranded RNA; it includes the genera Bunyavirus, Hantavirus, Nairovirus, and Phlebovirus.

Bunyaviridae

A family of single-stranded RNA-enveloped arboviruses, which are spherical to oval in shape, measure 90–100 nm in diameter and are sensitive to lipid solvents and detergents. As a group, Bunyaviridae includes more than 200 viruses, including genera Bunyavirus, Hantavirus, Phlebovirus, Nairovirus and Uukuvirus. Bunyaviridae infect vertebrates and arthropods; some genera cause serious disease (e.g., haemorrhagic fever) and are classified as Biohazard Group 4 pathogens.

Bunyaviridae

Virology A family of single-stranded RNA enveloped arboviruses composed of > 200 viruses, including genera Bunyavirus, Hantavirus, Phlebovirus, Nairovirus, Uukuvirus; they infect vertebrates and arthropods and some genera cause serious disease–eg, hemorrhagic fever

Bun·ya·vir·i·dae

(bŭn'yă-vir'i-dē)
A family of arboviruses involved in several diseases in the tropics.

Bunyaviridae

a family of viruses comprising five genera: Bunyavirus, which includes Akabane and California encephalitis, Phlebovirus, which includes Rift Valley fever virus, Nairovirus, which includes Nairobi sheep disease and crimean-congo hemorrhagic fever viruses, Uukuvirus, which does not contain pathogenic viruses, and Hantavirus, which infects rodents and causes hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome in humans.
References in periodicals archive ?
Structural characteristics of nairoviruses (genus Nairovirus, Bunyaviridae.
International Toxonomy of viruses, Bunyaviridae http://www.
Hantavirus belonging to the Bunyaviridae family, the same family as that of the CCHF virus, causes haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) is a systemic infectious disease.
Kirim Kongo Kanamali Atesi Bunyaviridae ailesinden Nairovirus turu icinde tanimlanan virusun etken oldugu, %5-30 mortalite ile seyreden ciddi bir hastaliktir (1,3).
The Orthobunyavirus genus, part of the group of viruses known as arboviruses, comprises several human and zoonotic pathogens known to be transmitted by mosquitoes, culicoides midges, nest bugs, and ticks and is the largest of the 5 genera within the Bunyaviridae family.
Khursheed Hashmi, Professor of Pathology, Liaquat National Hospital in his presentation on Epidemiology of Congo Hemorrhagic Fever said the Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is a tick-born disease caused by a Nairovirus of the Family Bunyaviridae.
La Crosse virus (LACV) (family Bunyaviridae, genus Orthobunyavirus) is the primary cause of arthropodborne viral (arboviral) encephalitis in children in the United States.
Guaroa virus (GROV; family Bunyaviridae, genus Orthobunyavirus) infection in humans frequently results in febrile illness, and limited serologic surveillance indicates that the virus infects a substantial portion of the rural population in tropical regions of Central and South America (Figure 1, panel A) (1,2).
Viral hemorrhagic fevers (VHFs) are caused by a group of genetically distinct zoonotic viruses, which include [greater than or equal to] 4 virus families (Filoviridae, Arenaviridae, Bunyaviridae, and Flaviviridae).
Several viruses in the family Bunyaviridae, such as severe fever thrombocytopenia syndrome virus, sandfly fever Naples virus, and La Crosse virus, cause vector-borne zoonotic problems (1-7).
Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging hemorrhagic fever caused by SFTS virus (SFTSV), a recently discovered phlebovirus in the family Bunyaviridae (1).