bungarotoxins

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bun·gar·o·tox·ins

(bung'gă-rō-tok'sinz),
Constituent proteins of the venom of the southern Asian banded krait Bungarus multicinctus, a snake of the Elapidae family. Used as pharmacologic tools in studying neuromuscular function.
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Among snakes reported in this work Platyceps ventromaculatus and Bungarus caeruleus were said to occur at an altitude of 1000 m asl while Boiga trigonata has been previously reported at an altitude of 1400 m in Pakistan (Khan, 2015) but Wall (1908, 1928) reported the same species from 1800 m in India.
Common krait (Bungarus caeruleus) bite in Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka: a prospective clinical study, 1996-98.
Lee, "Amino acid sequences of three [beta]-bungarotoxins ([beta]3-, [beta]4-, and [beta]5-bungarotoxins) from Bungarus multicinctus Venom.
Source of Number of Species of snakes samples samples Viperidae Deinagkistrodon acutus Guangzhou 5 Elapidae Bungarus multicinctus Guangzhou and 13 Shenzhen Naja atra Guangzhou 28 Colubridae Dinodon rufozonatum Shenzhen 44 Elaphe carinata Guangzhou 11 E.
The most significant species in terms of envenomings across the Asian countries (Basic and Supplemental) are: Callesolasma rhodostoma, Cryptelytrops albolabris, Bungarus candidus, Naja sumatrana, Daboia siamensis, Naja kaouthia, Bungarus multicinctus, Naja siamensis, Naja atra and Naja philippinensis.4
For instance, species such as Bungarus caeruleus were killed only during night confirming their restricted activity during night (Whitaker and Captain 2004), Insects may be attracted to the light post and or head lamps of the vehicles plying on the road, which may in turn attract insectivorous species of herpetofauna.
Estudios realizados en otras especies como Bothrops asper indican que la concentracion serica de FA disminuye por induccion del veneno de este genero de serpiente [2], mientras que estudios realizados en veneno crudo y fraccionado de Bungarus caeruleus aumenta la concentracion serica de FA en los animales de experimentacion [13, 18].
Neurotoxinas herpeticas del tipo PLA2 y su Clase Nombre Especie Subunidades I Ammodytoxina A Vipera ammodytes ammodytes 1 Notexina 11-5 Notechis scutacus scutacus 1 Pseudexin A Pseudechis porphyriacus 1 II Crotoxina GeneroCrotalus 2 III Beta-Bungarotoxina Bungarus multicinctus 2 IV Taipotoxina Oxyuranus scutellas 3 Textilotoxina Pseudonaj a textilis textilis 5 En el veneno de escorpiones y de abejas Apis mellifera tambien se encuentran toxinas del tipo PLA2.
The tribe now captures venomous snakes--cobras Naja naja, vipers Vipera russelli, Echis carinata, and kraits Bungarus caeruleus, Bungarus fasciatus--milk their venom and release the snakes in reserved forests.
The snakes most commonly associated with human mortality in India are cobra (Naja naja naja), krait (Bungarus caeruleus), Russell's viper (Vipera russelli) and saw scaled viper (Echis carinatus) (5).
Chromatographic separation of the venom of Bungarus multicinctus and characterization of its components.
There were no large predators in the enclosures where it was reintroduced, but there were a large number of poisonous snakes, including the cobra (Naja tripudians), the krait (Bungarus caeruleus), and the saw-scaled viper (Echis carinatus).