(5) In a subset of women with recurrent incontinence, repeat operative procedures are not feasible, and therefore urethral bulking agents
are an attractive option.
Paleti, "Endoscopic and imaging appearance after injection of an ano-rectal bulking agent
," World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, vol.
were initially prescribed for the treatment of urinary incontinence; the first report of the use of such agents for FI was in 1993 using a PTFE paste.
Two-thirds had undergone previous anti-incontinence surgery, and 15% had previously received a different bulking agent
It is used as a premium low-calorie bulking agent
to provide body, mouthfeel and texture in reduced-calorie, no added and sugar free foods.
Scientists at Washington State University assessed the quality and determined the consumer acceptability of nonfat ice creams containing whey protein concentrate (WPC), a bulking agent
and carbohydrate-based fat replacers.
With a slightly plastic taste, and loaded with stabiliser, flour treatment and bulking agent
, this is nonetheless low in salt and fat and very good value for money.
There is a misconception that sugar replacement is a straightforward affair involving the simple substitution of glycemic sugar with a mixture of a high intensity, sweetener and a bulking agent
. In reality, a number of diverse challenges are encountered during sugar substitution including the proper development of texture and stabilization.
An enzyme-based process for making alternan--a promising potential bulking agent
for low-calorie, high-fiber foods--has also yielded oligosaccharides that stimulate growth of Bifidobacterium.
An example of an entry is 'Maltitol (maltitol syrup): a compound used as a humectant, stabiliser or bulking agent
Tests have shown that the silt contains no contaminants, allowing it to be used as cover material for household waste at the landfill site or incorporated into green waste to act as a bulking agent
and re-used for composting purposes.
And since it mimics the texture of fat, Oliggo-Fiber provides "an added richness to food products, especially low-fat foods, while offering fewer calories than traditional fat- and carbo hydrate-based ingredients." Cargill also notes that, with its mildly sweet taste, Oliggo-Fiber can be used as a bulking agent
in low calorie, sugar reduced or diabetic-suitable foods in combination with intensive sweeteners and/or polyols.