Bulbar muscles

Bulbar muscles

Muscles of the mouth and throat responsible for speech and swallowing.
References in periodicals archive ?
Nineteen IBP and 80 PBP patients were not capable of finishing FVC assessment because of weakness or amyotrophy of bulbar muscles, or refusal of patients for some other reasons such as inspection fee or time of appointment.
These findings usually begin in the upper extremity in 30%-50% of cases, lower extremity in 20%-40% of cases, and bulbar muscles in 20%-30% of cases (4).
2014) reported Coenurus cerebralis cyst in the orbit of a ewe and performed enucleation of eye and they observed a cyst filled with translucent sandy fluid in periorbital fat, after cutting the retractor bulbar muscles.
The main side effects from this form of treatment are dysphagia, due to diffusion into nearby bulbar muscles, weak mastication, parotid gland infection, damage to the facial nerve/artery and dental caries.
The weakness can vary from mild difficulty with walking to nearly complete paralysis of all extremity, facial, respiratory, and bulbar muscles.
Less commonly, the first symptoms are in the bulbar muscles ( muscles around the face and throat.
The main problems occur with the mouth, tongue and swallowing muscles as a result of the bulbar muscles being affected.
Neurologic examination showed normal cognition, asymmetric flaccid paralysis of the left arm and leg with absent reflexes, hyporeflexic weakness of the right arm and leg, and weakness of bulbar muscles (Table 2).
Bilateral facial weakness was observed, and the bulbar muscles were slightly involved, manifesting as nasal speech; however, swallowing difficulties were not present, and chewing problems were not marked.