Bufo

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Related to Bufo fowleri: Bufo americanus, Eastern American toad

Bufo

a genus of toads of the family Bufonidae; these amphibians carry toxins in parotid glands in their skin. Dogs or cats which mouth them are poisoned. There are a number of toxins including the cardiotoxic bufogenins, bufotoxin, bufotenins, catecholamines and serotonin. The toxicity of each species depends on the mix and concentration of toxins. Species include B. alvarius, B. canorus, B. exsul, B. ictericus, B. koynayensis, B. marinus, B. regularis, B. vulgaris.

Bufo marinus
the giant tropical toad. Introduced into many areas such as Australia and Hawaii to control insect pests. Absorption of the toxins through the oral mucosa of dogs, and less often cats, results in varying degrees of salivation, pulmonary edema, cardiac arrhythmias, cyanosis and seizures which may culminate in death of the animal.
Bufo regularis
African toad.
Bufo vulgaris
causes excess salivation and distress if caught by a dog. Called also common toad.
References in periodicals archive ?
The number of species with enough males to chorus increased from two in 2001 (Acris crepitans, Hyla cinerea) to five in 2002 (Acris crepitans, Hyla chrysoscelis, Hyla cinerea, Pseudacris crucifer, Rana sphenocephala), fell to four in 2003 (Acris crepitans, Bufo fowleri, Hyla chrysoscelis, Hyla cinerea), and rose to seven in 2004 (Acris crepitans, Bufo americanus, Hyla chrysoscelis, Hyla cinerea, Pseudacris crucifer, Pseudacris feriarum, Rana sphenocephala).
Fowler's toad, Bufo fowleri, the six-lined racerunner, Cnemidophorus sexlineatus, and the western slender glass lizard, Ophisaurus attenuatus) presumably entered the Calumet region during a hypsithermal interval (Smith & Minton 1957) about 6200 to 5050 ybp (Ahearn & Kapp 1984).
The ilia of Bufo americanus can be distinguished from those of the other Michigan toad Bufo fowleri Hinckley (Fowler's Toad) in that the dorsal prominence is reflected much more forward in B.