During the past few decades, reports about emerging and reemerging zoonotic VACV and buffalopox virus
have increased, as have the number of severe cases of disease caused by the viruses (2,3).
Comparative Polypeptide Profiling: Isolation, Propagation and Purification of Indian Isolates of Buffalopox Virus.
Nosocomial buffalopox virus infection, Karachi, Pakistan.
dogs); rabbits Vaccinia virus Unknown Vaccinia virus has been used to immunize people against smallpox and was the original virus obtained from cattle; assumed to Buffalopox virus
Waterbuffalo and cattle First characterized in 1971 in India Camelpox virus Camels Seen in Africa and Asia Most closely related to smallpox Cowpox virus Cattle (also cats, anteaters, and rodents) Feline cowpox Domestic and zoo cats This virus is identical to (lions, cheetahs, pumas, cowpox virus and is believed etc.
To the Editor: In India, buffalopox virus
(BPXV), a variant of vaccinia virus, is associated with severe disease outbreaks among buffaloes (1,2), cattle (3), and humans in contact with these animals (1,4).
Another VACV subspecies, buffalopox virus
(BPXV), has been isolated from buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) in rural areas in India and causes clinical signs that resemble those seen during BV outbreaks in Brazil (6).
We compared molecular sequence data from 3 genes and a variable region of the poxvirus genome (Table 1) among BRZ-VACV isolates, available vaccine strains related to those used during the eradication campaign in Brazil, and other VACVs isolated from domestic animals (including endemic buffalopox virus in India [15-17] and horsepox virus [HSPV] from Asia ).
Singh RK, Hosamani M, Balamurugan V, Satheesh CC, Rasool TJ, Yadav ME Comparative sequence analysis of envelope protein genes of Indian buffalopox virus isolates.
These facts indicate the long-term establishment and active circulation of different vaccinialike viruses in the wild in South America, similar to the well-documented establishment of buffalopox virus
in India (19,20).