Brunner glands


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Related to Brunner glands: Duodenal glands

du·o·de·nal glands

[TA]
small, branched, coiled tubular glands that occur mostly in the submucosa of the first third of the duodenum; they secrete human epidermal growth factor (urogastrone) as well as an alkaline mucoid substance that neutralizes gastric juice.

du·o·de·nal glands

(dū'ō-dē'năl glandz) [TA]
Small, branched, coiled tubular glands that occur mostly in the submucosa of the first third of the duodenum; they secrete an alkaline mucoid substance that serves to neutralize gastric juice.
Synonym(s): Brunner glands.

Brunner glands

(brun'er)
[Johann C. Brunner, Swiss anatomist, 1653–1727]
Compound glands of the duodenum and upper jejunum that are similar to the pyloric glands of the stomach. They are embedded in the submucosa and lined with columnar epithelium. They secrete alkaline mucus which neutralizes the hydrochloric acid entering the duodenum from the stomach.
Synonym: duodenal glands

Brunner,

Johann C., Swiss anatomist, 1653-1727.
Brunner gland hamartoma
Brunner glands - small glands that secrete a substance that neutralizes gastric juice. Synonym(s): duodenal glands
References in periodicals archive ?
DISCUSSION: Brunner gland hyperplasia accounts for 10.
In 1934 Feyrter classified brunner gland hyperplasia into 3 types (1) diffuse nodular hyperplasia (2) circumscribed nodular hyperplasia (3) adenomatous hyperplasia/ glandular adenoma.
By further impairing the discharge, the cysts, Brunner gland hyperplasia, and the reactive spindle cell proliferation may cause the extension of the intraduodenal pancreatitis to the groove region, to the dorsocranial pancreas with compression of the duct of Wirsung, thus adding an obstructive component to the damaging effect of alcohol for the development of the paraduodenal pancreatitis.
The pseudotumoral presentation is the product of a fibroinflammatory process within the intraduodenal pancreatic parenchyma associated with cystic transformation, myoid stromal proliferation, and Brunner gland hyperplasia.
Despite the presence of prominent mature adipose tissue, our lesion can be distinguished from a duodenal lipoma by the presence of ectopic Brunner gland and dilated ducts.