Lenfatik filariasis'in uc etiyolojik ajani, Wuchereria bancrofti, Brugia malayi ve Brugia timori
'in vektoru olan sivrisineklerin isirmasiyla insanlara bulasan paraziter bir hastaliktir.
The major offending organisms in lymphatic filariasis are Wuchereria bancrofti and Brugia malayi or Brugia timori
. Of these, Wuchereria bancrofti is the most prevalent species.
Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is a mosquito-borne disease caused by nematode parasites of the Family Filarioidea, namely, Wuchereria bancrofti (Cobbold, 1877), Brugia malayi (Brug, 1927), and Brugia timori
(Partono et al., 1977).
The nematode Wuchereria bancrofti accounts for majority of cases worldover followed by Brugia malayi and Brugia timori
. (2) infected mosquitoes serve as vectors and humans are the definitive host.
It is a disease caused by a group of nematode worms belonging to the order "Filariidae" and transmitted to man by the infective bites of blood-sucking arthropods in man, and caused by three parasites namely: Wuchereria bancrofti (Wb), Brugia malayi (Bm) and Brugia timori
One of the two types, known as filariasis, is caused by thread-like parasitic worms such as Wuchereria bancrofti, Brugia malayi and Brugia timori
, all of which parasites being transmitted by mosquitoes.
TPE is a rare, serious manifestation that results from the hypersensitive reaction to microfilariae released by the filarial worms (Wuchereria bancrofti, Brugia malayi, and Brugia timori
Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is a disabling, mosquito-borne disease of humans caused by the parasitic filarial nematodes Wuchereria bancrofti, Brugia malayi, and Brugia timori
. In 2000, the Global Program to Eliminate LF (GPELF) was established with the objective of eliminating LF as a public health problem by 2020.
Table 6-9 Filarial Zoonotic Nematodes Predominant Signs Nematode Disease in People Brugia malayi, Brugia Often asymptomatic; Brugia timori
filarias; clinical signs include lymphatic lymphangitis mainly in filariasis; the legs and groin area; Malayan fever, headache, and filariasis backache may also be seen Dirofilaria Dirofilariasis Typically asymptomatic; immitis occasionally localized vasculitis and pulmonary infarcts are found producing chest pain, cough, and hemoptysis.
About 120 million people live in 83 countries in Africa, Asia and the Pacific are infected with LF, primarily by Wuchereria bancrofii and to a lesser extent, by Brugia malayi and Brugia timori
Lymphatic filariasis, a disease caused by filarial parasites, Wuchereria bancrofti, Brugia malayi and Brugia timori
, is a major health problem with nearly 1.2 billion people living in endemic areas (therefore at risk of infection) and 120 million having the clinical disease world wide (1).