Brudzinski's sign


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Related to Brudzinski's sign: Kernig's sign, meningitis

Brudzinski's sign

 [broo-jin´skēz]
1. in meningitis, bending the patient's neck usually produces flexion of the knee and hip.
2. in meningitis, passive flexion of the lower limb on one side causes a similar movement in the opposite limb.

Brudzinski's sign

[bro̅o̅dzin′skēz]
Etymology: Josef Brudzinski, Polish physician, 1874-1917
an involuntary flexion of the hip and knee when the neck is passively flexed. It can occur in patients with meningitis. Compare Kernig's sign.
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Brudzinski's sign
References in periodicals archive ?
Diagnostic Accuracy of Classic Signs of Meningitis in 297 Patients Sensitivity Specificity PPV (*) NPV (**) Kernig's sign 5% 95% 27% 72% Brudzinski's sign 5% 95% 27% 72% Nuchal rigidity 30% 68% 26% 73% (*)Positive predictive value.
Presenting symptoms and signs of patients admitted with cryptococcal meningitis (N=57) Presenting complaints n % Headache 52 91 Confusion 30 53 Psychotic features 11 19 Seizures 13 23 Vomiting 26 46 Signs Fever 29 51 Neck stiffness 34 60 Kernig's and Brudzinski's signs 34 60 Focal signs (hemiparesis) 1 2 Cranial nerve deficit 1 2 Table 2.