expressive aphasia

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Related to Broca's: Broca's aphasia, Wernicke's


a type of speech disorder consisting of a defect or loss of the power of expression by speech, writing, or signs, or of comprehension of spoken or written language, due to disease or injury of the brain centers, such as after stroke syndrome on the left side.
Patient Care. Aphasia is a complex phenomenon manifested in numerous ways. The recovery period is often very long, even months or years. Because communication is such a vital part of everyday living, loss of the ability to communicate with words, whether in speaking or writing, can profoundly affect the personality and behavior of a patient. Although aphasic persons usually require extensive treatment by specially trained speech patholigists or therapists, all persons concerned with the care of the patient should practice techniques that will help minimize frustration and improve communication with such patients.
amnestic aphasia anomic aphasia.
anomic aphasia inability to name objects, qualities, or conditions. Called also amnestic or nominal aphasia.
ataxic aphasia expressive aphasia.
auditory aphasia loss of ability to comprehend spoken language. Called also word deafness.
Broca's aphasia motor aphasia.
conduction aphasia aphasia due to a lesion of the pathway between the sensory and motor speech centers.
expressive aphasia motor aphasia.
fluent aphasia that in which speech is well articulated (usually 200 or more words per minute) and grammatically correct but is lacking in content and meaning.
global aphasia total aphasia involving all the functions that go to make up speech and communication.
jargon aphasia that with utterance of meaningless phrases, either neologisms or incoherently arranged known words.
mixed aphasia combined expressive and receptive aphasia.
motor aphasia aphasia in which there is impairment of the ability to speak and write, owing to a lesion in the insula and surrounding operculum including Broca's motor speech area. The patient understands written and spoken words but has difficulty uttering the words. See also receptive aphasia. Called also logaphasia and Broca's, expressive, or nonfluent aphasia.
nominal aphasia anomic aphasia.
nonfluent aphasia motor aphasia.
receptive aphasia inability to understand written, spoken, or tactile speech symbols, due to disease of the auditory and visual word centers, as in word blindness. See also motor aphasia. Called also logamnesia and sensory or Wernicke's aphasia.
sensory aphasia receptive aphasia.
visual aphasia alexia.
Wernicke's aphasia receptive aphasia.

mo·tor a·pha·si·a

a type of aphasia in which there is a deficit in speech production or language output, often accompanied by a deficit in communicating by writing, signs, or other manifestation. The patient is aware of the impairment.

Broca’s aphasia

Loss of language ability due to damage in Broca's area (Brodmann area 44 and 45), characterised by telegraphic speech in which the meaning is usually clear but the grammatical connecting words are missing, with retained comprehension.

Stroke, usually due to thromboembolism; less commonly due to brain tumours, cerebral haemorrhage, extradural haematoma.

ex·pres·sive a·pha·si·a

(eks-pres'iv ă-fā'zē-ă)
A type of aphasia in which the greatest deficit is in speech production or language output; usually accompanied by a deficit in communicating by writing, signs, or other means. The patient is aware of this impairment. The lesion typically includes the posterior frontal lobe.
Synonym(s): Broca aphasia (2) , motor aphasia, nonfluent aphasia.
References in periodicals archive ?
Keywords: Stroke, Aphasia, Script training, Language deficit, Automatic speech, Conversational context, Patients with Broca's aphasia, Communication, Rehabilitation, Speech Language Pathology.
Neuroimaging studies have demonstrated that brain areas activated during speaking are notoriously larger than the classical Broca's area (Ardila, Bernal, & Rosselli, 2016d; Gernsbacher & Kaschak, 2003; Pickering & Garrod, 2013).
"This new finding helps us move towards a less dichotomous view where Broca's area is not a center for speech production, but rather a critical area for integrating and coordinating information across other brain regions."
Thompson, "Perception of functional morphology in agrammatic Broca's aphasia," Brain and Language, vol.
Although Firmin's entry into the Societe occurred more than a decade later, it seems clear that Broca's recent death had unsettled the balance of power and re-agitated old disputes.
When speaking of nonfluent and fluent aphasia, most researchers still mean Broca's and Wernicke's aphasia.
Since most people are right-handed, the affected area is usually in the left hemisphere, and in the case of Broca's aphasia, the damage is most often to the left posterior frontal lobe, and may also involve white matter and the basal ganglia of the brain.
When Leborgne died shortly thereafter of a gangrenous infection, Broca's autopsy revealed a lesion in a part of the brain he referred to as the circonvolution du language, now known as Broca's area.
MR results showed that Broca's area is apparently normal in autistic boys who have normal language capabilities.
In addition, women who had undergone chemotherapy had increases in blood flow that were strongest in the inferior frontal gyrus region (Broca's area), compared with women who did not undergo chemotherapy.
Broca's area, a region on the left side of your brain just behind your forehead is the "vocalizer." This region was most active when you were just learning to read.
The part of the brain involved, called Broca's area,deals with memory, language processing and organisation.