The Brief Pain Inventory
was completed by only 573 (67.8%) of the 845 patients at the 3-month assessment point.
Prior to treatment, pain, fatigue and stress level was assessed by Brief Pain Inventory
, Brief Fatigue Inventory and Cohen Perceived Stress Scale respectively.
Cleeland, "Validity of the brief pain inventory
for use in documenting the outcomes of patients with noncancer pain," Clinical Journal of Pain, vol.
ASES = Arthritis Self-Efficacy Scale, BPI = Brief Pain Inventory
, CPS = Centrality of Pain Scale, GAD-7 = Generalized Anxiety Disorder, GCPS = Graded Chronic Pain Scale, PHQ-9 = Patient Health Questionnaire, Roland = Roland Morris Disability Scale.
Correlations among Pain Intensity/Severity and Interference with Daily Activities BPI interference scores MPQ severity BPI intensity General Activity 0.34* 0.27 Mood 0.23 0.12 Walking 0.50*** 0.29* Normal Work 0.40** 0.35* Relationship with others 0.32* 0.25 Sleep 0.3 7** 0.35* Enjoyment of Life 0.29 0.30 Abbreviations: BPI = Brief Pain Inventory
; MPQ = McGill Pain Questionnaire.
Pain was measured by the Brief Pain Inventory
(BPI) Short Form, which consists of 9 items that measure the severity of pain, impact of pain on daily function, location of pain, pain medications, and amount of pain relief in the past 24 hours or the past week .
* "Inventario breve de dolor" (Brief Pain Inventory
, BPI; Tan, Jensen Thornby y Shanti, 2004) version espanola de Badia et al.
A randomised control trial by Kutner et al was done to see the efficacy of massage therapy for the management of cancer pain and distress in patients with advanced stage of cancer.25 Immediate assessment of pain was done on 0-10 scale of pain and detailed assessment, with the help of Brief Pain Inventory
Clinical trials have used several general pain assessment tools in the dialysis population, including the Brief Pain Inventory
(Calero, 2009; Gamondi, 2013; Golan, 2009), McGill Pain Questionnaire (Davison, 2003; Barakzoy, 2006; Calero, 2009; Harris, 2012; Masajtis-Zagajewska, 2011; Binik, 1982), and the Pain Management Index (Davison, 2003; Calero, 2009).
A prospective, randomized doubled-blinded, placebo-controlled single centre trial in Germany by Riest et al., (2007) compared the effects of perioperative, postoperative and preoperative Parecoxib on pain intensity, morphine consumption, opioid related symptom distress and brief pain inventory
They used two tools recommended by the Initiative on Methods, Measurement, and Pain Assessment in Clinical Trials (IMMPACT), which is endorsed by the Food and Drug Administration: the Brief Pain Inventory
(BPI), which captures the effect of pain on physical functioning, and the Short-Form McGill Pain Questionnaire 2 (SF-MPQ-2), which evaluates the nature of pain using 22 descriptors that are grouped into four overarching types of pain.
We used two instruments to measure the symptom variable of pain: The Brief Pain Inventory
Long Form (BPI-LF) and the McGill Pain Questionnaire.