BRCA2

(redirected from Brca2 protein)

BRCA2

symbol for a breast cancer gene with activity similar to that of BRCA1.

BRCA2

A gene on chromosome 13q12.3 that encodes a protein which, like BRCA1, is involved in maintenance of genome stability, especially the homologous recombination pathway for double-stranded DNA repair; like BRCA1, it carries a marked increase in the lifetime risk of breast and ovarian cancer.

BRCA2

Molecular oncology A tumor suppressor gene linked to breast and ovarian CA See Tumor suppressor gene.
References in periodicals archive ?
The BRCA2 protein is involved in repairing damaged DNA, playing a critical role in stabilising cells.
The host laboratory has purified full-length BRCA2 protein and shown that it facilitates RAD51-mediated HR by acting as a molecular chaperone for RAD51 filament formation.
BRCA2 protein acts as a mediator, helping another protein, RAD51, to associate with a single strand of DNA and stimulating its activity.
The BRCA1 and BRCA2 protein products are classified as tumour suppressor genes and are involved in DNA repair, genomic stability, transcriptional regulation and cell cycle control.
The specificity of the antibody was verified against the full-length (390 kDa) BRCA2 protein extracted from HeLa cell nuclear extract.
The research studied how the BRCA2 protein molecule interacts with Rad51 and how the process goes wrong when BRCA2 is faulty.
The functions of the BRCA2 protein appear similar to that of BRCA1, although BRCA2 tumours have different cellular expression.
Non-cancerous cells will survive the treatment, because the normal BRCA1 and BRCA2 proteins are key components in DNA repair.
The understanding of the functional role of BRCA1 and BRCA2 proteins has led to the development of trials of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors and platinum- versus taxane-based chemotherapy in patients with BRCA1/2-related metastatic breast cancer [3].
honed in on a protein, called the RAD51 protein, that's located near the same place on the gene as the BRAC1 and BRCA2 proteins.