brassica

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Related to Brassica rapa: canola

brassica

(brăs′ĭ-kă) [L. “cabbage”]
The family of vegetables that includes broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, and cauliflower.

brassica

any member of the family Brassicaceae or Cruciferae, particularly members of the genus Brassica, e.g. cabbage, swede.

Brassica

a genus of plants of the Brassicaceae (Cruciferae) family containing a large number of cultivated plants eaten by humans and food animals. Poisoning with them is rare but under particular growing conditions and if the diet consists almost entirely of the one plant some massive outbreaks of poisoning can occur.
Poisoning syndromes attributed to Brassica spp. include hemolytic anemia (kale anemia) caused by SMCO, goiter from glucosinolates, nitrate/nitrite, photosensitization, blindness (polioencephalomalacia), respiratory distress and rumen stasis.
Includes B. campestris (B. rapa), B. hirta (Sinapis alba), B. juncea (Indian or leaf mustard), B. kaber (Sinapis arvensis), B. napus var. napus (B. napus), B. sinapistrum (Sinapis arvensis).

Brassica alba
annual weed; the seed is used, together with that of B. nigra, to make commercial mustard. The seed, stubble or plant in pod can cause gastroenteritis with signs of abdominal pain, salivation and diarrhea. The toxin is a mixture of isothiocyanates called mustard oil. The enzyme myrosinase is needed to activate the oil and produce irritant effect. Oil cake containing the oil may be nontoxic because myrosinase is inactivated but can become toxic if animal has access to alternative source of the enzyme simultaneously.
Brassica napobrassica
swede turnip.
Brassica napus
rape or canola.
Brassica nigra
seeds are used in mixtures with B. alba in the manufacture of commercial mustard powder. Can cause poisoning as for B. alba (see above).
Brassica oleracea
the commercial vegetables and cultivated fodder plants. Includes B. o. var. acephala (kale, cole, chou moellier), B. o. var. botrytis (cauliflower), B. o. var. capitata (cabbage), B. o. var. gemmifera (Brussel sprouts), B. o. var. italica (broccoli, calabrese).
Brassica rapa
turnip.
Brassica rapa subsp. campestris
turnip rape.
References in periodicals archive ?
Samples of different herbs including Azadirachta indica (Neem), Syzygium aromaticum (Clove), Trachyspermum ammi (Ajowan), Foeniculum vulgare (Fennal), Brassica oleracea (Cabbage), Brassica rapa (Turnip), and Pipper nigrum (Black pepper), were bought from different markets of Karachi.
Brassica rapa and oilseed rape are both brassicas, a group which also includes broccoli, turnip, sprouts and cabbages.
En Aguascalientes, Brassica rapa es una maleza sin uso ni importancia economica, pero en las partes altas de Mexico, en la agricultura campesina generalmente no es vista como perjudicial ya que es comestible e importante por su contenido en nutrientes y frecuentemente llega a cultivarse.
Astronauts space-tested Brassica rapa to learn how to fight such problems.
Using the plant Brassica rapa, students worked in groups to explore three different factors contributing to plant growth and photosynthesis, the treatment group analytic technology.
Brassica Rapa ros/ros (Rosette-dwarf) is a quick growing dwarf plant that lacks gibberellin.
The objectives of this projects include: (i) perform a detailed technical literature search on the status of this technology, (ii) perform experiments with Brassica rapa and Brassicajuncea to determine their efficacy in removing heavy metals in a multi-component system from artificially contaminated soil under green house conditions, and (iii) perform experiments with Brassica rapa and Brassicajuncea to determine their efficacy in removing heavy metals in a multi-component system from artificially contaminated water under green house conditions.
We tested predictions regarding pest-induced defenses in the annual mustard Brassica rapa (syn.
Brassica Rapa is the Latin name of which vegetable?
Estimation of total seed proteins based variation among different Brassica rapa ecotypes is important for crop improvement and efficient utilization.
Development and linkage mapping of unigene-derived microsatellite markers in Brassica rapa L.