(3) Bilateral second branchial fistulae are even more rare and, if present, warrant a consult with a geneticist because of the possible association with branchio-oto-renal syndrome
or other genetic disorders.
Elsie Wesley was born with branchio-oto-renal syndrome
. She had no left kidney and the right one had only 10 per cent function.
EYA1 mutations associated with the branchio-oto-renal syndrome
result in defective otic development in Xenopus laevis.
Associated conditions include deafness and branchio-oto-renal syndrome
They are associated with branchio-oto-renal syndrome. (44) First branchial cleft cysts most commonly present with recurrent or refractory abscesses in the periauricular or parotid region, or at the angle of the mandible.
They are associated with branchio-oto-renal syndrome and branchiooculo-facial syndrome.
Of these 10 cases, 5 were associated with either branchio-otic syndrome or branchio-oto-renal syndrome; 2 patients had familial branchio-otic syndrome, 2 had nonfamilial branchio-otic syndrome, and I had nonfamilial branchio-oto-renal syndrome.
(1-8) Of these 10 cases, 5 were associated with either branchio-otic syndrome or branchio-oto-renal syndrome; 2 patients had familial branchio-otic syndrome, (5,7) 2 had nonfamilial branchio-otic syndrome, (1,4) and 1 had nonfamilial branchio-oto-renal syndrome (3) (table).
Branchio-oto-renal syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized bybranchial anomalies, auricular malformations, and renal anomalies.
To be diagnosed with branchio-oto-renal syndrome, a patient must exhibit either (1) three or more major criteria, (2) two major and two or more minor criteria, or (3) one major criterion and have an affected first-degree relative who meets the criteria for branchio-oto-renal syndrome.
Ultrasonography of the abdomen and renal examination showed normal kidney function, thus ruling out the possibility of branchio-oto-renal syndrome
In the latter case, hearing loss can be caused by conditions such as osteogenesis imperfecta, branchio-oto-renal syndrome
, orofaciodigital type II syndrome, and Treacher Collins syndrome.