brain herniation

(redirected from Brain hernia)

brain herniation

Pressure-induced prolapse of part of the brain into adjacent spaces, which occurs when the brain is under high pressure.
 
Clinical findings
Coma, paralysis, unilateral dilated pupil.
 
Aetiology
Head injury, primary or metastatic brain tumour, bacterial meningitis, brain abscess.
 
Types
Cerebellar herniation, uncal (temporal) herniation, transtentorial herniation.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

brain herniation

Neurology A pressure-induced prolapse of part of the brain into adjacent spaces, which occurs when the brain is under very high pressure Clinical Coma, paralysis, unilateral dilated pupil Etiology Head injury, 1º or metastatic brain tumor, bacterial meningitis, brain abscess Types Cerebellar herniation, uncal–temporal herniation, transtentorial herniation of the brain
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The invasive procedure of administering contrast-enhanced agent through lumbar puncture carries the risks of brain hernia and allergic reaction.[sup][3] The ability of radionuclide cisternography to precisely localize the site of CSF leak is also limited when the site of leak is too small, the leak produces a small volume of fluid, there is temporary adhesion at the site or no active leak.[sup][3] Similarly, radionuclide cisternography is an invasive procedure and carries the risk of brain hernia.
Luke, who suffered a stroke and brain hernia two years ago, added: "I have to carry her around the house which isn't ideal.
In the "1995 Introduction" to this English edition, Oe acknowledges the partial validity of the criticism that "I used bits of Hiroshima's reality as springboards for flights of personal reflection." His first visit to Hiroshima came on the heels of a personal tragedy: the birth of a child with a brain hernia whose fate rested in large measure on his decisions.