brain damage

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brain damage

Injury to the brain that is caused by various conditions, such as head trauma, inadequate oxygen supply, infection, or intracranial hemorrhage, and that may be associated with a behavioral or functional abnormality.

brain′-dam′aged (-dăm′ĭjd) adj.

brain damage

A term applied more often to the physically subtle, but functionally serious, injury sustained from temporary oxygen and sugar deprivation, than to gross and obvious injury from direct violence. Brain damage also commonly results from sudden local haemorrhage or THROMBOSIS, causing STROKE, and from toxic substances especially alcohol. Bacterial toxins released in the course of meningitis and brain abscess and inflammation caused by viruses are also damaging. Diseases such as multiple sclerosis can cause brain damage, as can the repeated multiple small haemorrhages sustained in boxing. Brain damage often affects the areas of higher function in a patchy way with loss of certain functions and retention of others. There may be paralysis and loss of sensation on one side of the body, epileptic fits, speech disturbances or loss of word comprehension (APHASIA), loss of certain learned voluntary skills (APRAXIA), or loss of part of the field of vision. Alternatively, brain damage may have a diffuse effect causing, in addition to focal effects, interference with conscious thought, memory and judgement. Loss of memory (amnesia) is a common feature. A proportion of brain-damaged people end up in a state of almost complete loss of the higher mental functions (AMENTIA).

brain damage

in sport this is usually a result of direct trauma to the head. More common in sports such as boxing, horse riding and falls during those carried out at height. See also head injury.

Patient discussion about brain damage

Q. I was wondering the rate at which alcohol induces brain damage. I am not an alcoholic and I use to drink only on weekends. I was wondering the rate at which alcohol induces brain damage; I know that over some years, damage occurs, but does anything happen after a month of drinking on weekends?


Q. What damage does depression do to the brain and how can you treat it? How does it affect your chemical balance, your brain? Is it critical or will be critical later in life? I just read on Yahoo News that Clinical stress could increase risk of Alzheimer's later in life. Does age matter like during teen years? I had depression and begun running. I noticed that I have a hard time focusing and absorbing information. I forgot a lot of things. All my brain seems to focus on is emotions. Can I change that? The running has made me feel a lot better afterwards

A. This is actually a good question- but I couldn’t find any research concerning long term damage from depression. It sounds unreasonable though…because there is no deprivation of oxygen or anything essential in depression. But the brain is a biological system that is under constant change – so it may be that pattern of thought changed. About the Alzheimer's- I only saw articles about depression because of Alzheimer.

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References in periodicals archive ?
Similarly in brain damaged group only those individuals were selected who have an evidence of brain organic pathology, and not have any history of schizophrenia, who were communicable, can perform signatures fluently, have age between 20 to 60 years and if received any shock treatment, it was terminated at least two weeks before testing.
Bender-Gestalt Test was administered to the subjects including normals, schizophrenia and brain damaged individually following the standard testing situations.
The findings of this study are indicative of applicability of Bender Gestalt Test for screening schizophrenics, brain damaged and normal subjects in Pakistan.
Results of the present study are very close to the Pascal and Suttell6 description that the Bender protocols of brain damaged are more impaired as compared to psychotics and psychotics obtained a high score as compared to normals.
Explanation of these deviation patterns one by one is interrelating to see in the context of brain damaged behavior patterns.
Rotation tendency is highly significant among schizophrenics as compared to brain damaged patients included in our sample.
In our sample the deviation pattern of perseveration occurs more frequently among the test protocols of schizophrenics as compared to brain damaged patients.
A significant difference is found in the present study between the two clinical groups of brain damaged and schizophrenics.
In our study these 13 deviation patterns are found to be significantly high among the brain damage patients as compared to schizophrenics Explanation of these deviation patterns one by one is interrelating to see in the context of brain damaged behavior patterns.
It is excessively found among the test protocols of brain damaged patients that they tend to reproduce the test designs similar to the very young children (Pascal-Suttell, 1951).
Its aim is to provide palliative care for children and provide recreational support and assistance which gives brain damaged children a better quality of life.
Further details about the Brain Damaged Children's Charity can be found by liKing the FacebooK in the charity's name or at www.