neurochemistry

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neurochemistry

 [noor″o-kem´is-tre]
the branch of neurology dealing with the chemistry of the nervous system.

neu·ro·chem·is·try

(nū'rō-kem'is-trē),
The science concerned with the chemical aspects of nervous system structure and function.

neurochemistry

(no͝or′ō-kĕm′ĭ-strē, nyo͝or′-)
n.
The study of the chemical composition and processes of the nervous system and the effects of chemicals on it.

neu′ro·chem′i·cal (-kəl) adj.
neu′ro·chem′ist n.

neu·ro·chem·is·try

(nūr'ō-kem'is-trē)
The science concerned with the chemical aspects of nervous system structure and function.
References in periodicals archive ?
"For instance, using drugs recreationally, abusing alcohol or using 'study' drugs not only affects brain chemistry but may affect diet and sleep, which may further alter brain function and brain maturity."
A new study conducted by researchers from University of Buffalo found that Ritalin, the brand name for the drug methylphenidate, a central nervous system stimulant used to treat ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder), causes changes in brain chemistry that may lead to a number of adverse effects such as trouble sleeping and increased risk-taking behavior, (http://www.futurity.org/ritalin-brain-chemistry-1429542/) Futurity reported.
The parasite is thought to alter brain chemistry, resulting in "intermittent explosive disorder" (IED).
Professor Emil Coccaro, from the University of Chicago, said: "Our work suggests that latent infection with the Toxoplasma gondii parasite may change brain chemistry in a fashion that increases the risk of aggressive behaviour."
Recent evidence in animal models suggests that gut microbiota can influence brain chemistry, which can affect behaviour.
Cocoa flavanols, which improve function of a specific age-related memory portion of the brain called the dentate gyrus; omega-3 fatty acids to improve recognition memory, spatial memory, and adverse response retention; combination of phosphatidylserine and phosphatidic acid, which two pilot studies show can benefit memory, mood, and cognitive function; walnuts to delay the onset of (or slow progression of) Alzheimer's disease in mice; citicoline to protect the brain from free radical damage; choline to prevent brain chemistry changes that result in cognitive decline; magnesium for those who've experienced a concussion; and blueberries to increase neural signaling in brain center.
She also acknowl edges that specific thoughts have demonstrable influences on brain chemistry. This paradigm also applies to biological structures and human thoughts.
People who are obese may be more susceptible to environmental food cues than their lean counterparts due to differences in brain chemistry that make eating more habitual and less rewarding, according to a study published in Molecular Psychiatry.
He also illuminates the progress that medicine has been making more recently in decoding brain chemistry to figure out how the very foundations of memory, dreams, and emotions form on the one hand, and mental disorders and addictions on the other.
Dr Roked believes that too much caffeine can alter brain chemistry. She says, 'In people who consume large amounts of caffeine daily, the brain's chemistry and physical characteristics change over time as a result.
The Atlantic reported on a recent experiment that suggests that parents pass not only behavioral cues regarding fear and anxiety to their offspring, but modified brain chemistry as well (h/t Elissa Goldstein, who astutely noted, "Science explains Jews").
She describes the chemistry of male and female sex hormones, the brain chemistry involved, odors and pheromones, and the role of contraceptives and hormone replacement, anti-acne agents, anti-alopecia agents, and phytoestrogens in foods.