Brachyspira

Brachyspira

(brā″kē-spī′ră) [″ + spir(ochete)]
A genus of spirochete that occasionally colonizes the lower gastrointestinal tract. It causes dysentery in animals such as dogs or pigs and has been identified as a cause of human disease, e.g., abdominal cramping, diarrhea, and rectal bleeding.

Brachyspira

a genus of anaerobic intestinal bacteria in the order Spirochaetaceae. Formerly Serpulina. Some species were previously in the genus Treponema.

Brachyspira aalborgi
infects primates, but its pathogenic significance is uncertain.
Brachyspira alvinipulli
a cause of diarrhea in adult chickens.
Brachyspira hyodysenteriae
the cause of swine dysentery. Previously called Serpulina hyodysenteriae and Treponema hyodysenteriae.
Brachyspira intermedia
a cause of diarrhea in adult chickens.
Brachyspira pilosicoli
causes intestinal or colonic spirochetosis, a mild colitis and diarrhea in weaner and grower pigs and of wet litter and reduced egg production in adult chickens.
References in periodicals archive ?
The spirochete species most often associated with this finding in humans are Brachyspira pilosicoli and Brachyspira aalborgi.
The farm was found to be free from Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae, Brachyspira hyodysenteriae, mange, toxigenic Pasteurella multocida, porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus, transmissible gastroenteritis virus, Aujeszky's Disease virus, and classical and African swine fever viruses.
Contaminants Organochlorines Lead Mercury Disease testing Hematology Serum biochemistry Fecal and tracheal cultures General bacterial screen Coxiella burnetti Paramyxovirus-1 Avian influenza-A Sarcocystis Mycobacterium Chlamydophila psittaci Salmonella Brachyspira Mycoplasma Adenovirus
Based on 16S ribosomal DNA gene sequences, the Genus Borrelia belongs to the Order Spirochaetales, family Spirochetaceae along with other genera, including Spirochaeta, Cristispira, Treponema and Brachyspira (formerly Serpulina).
Hines has also discovered that species of the spirochetal organisms Leptospira and Brachyspira cause infection and symptoms that can be just as severe as those that are usually implicated in chronic Lyme.
Two distinct groups have been identified to predominantly colonize human colorectum: Brachyspira Aalborgi and Brachyspira Pilosicoli.
The two most commonly involved spirochetes are Brachyspira aalborgi and Brachyspira pilosicoli.
All identified spirochete clones fell into 2 families: the Spirochaetaceae with 2 genera, Cristispira and Spirochaeta, and the Brachyspiraceae, with the genus Brachyspira.
Dietary enzyme and zinc bacitracin reduce colonisation of layer hens by the intestinal spirochaete Brachyspira intermedia.
These animals were purchased from a local commercial swine farm free of Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae, Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae, toxigenic Pasteurella multocida, Brachyspira pilosicoli, B.
ANTIMICROBIAL SUSCEPTIBILITY TEST IN Brachyspira pilosicoli STRAINS ISOLATED FROM COMMERCIAL LAYERS FARMS IN COLOMBIA
Changes in bacterial community structure in the colon of pigs fed different experimental diets and after infection with Brachyspira hyodysenteriae.