genu varum

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Related to Bowed legs: rickets, Blount's disease


 [je´nu] (pl. ge´nua) (L.)
genu extror´sum genu varum.
genu intror´sum genu valgum.
genu recurva´tum hyperextensibility of the knee joint.
genu val´gum a childhood deformity, developing gradually, in which the knees rub together or “knock” in walking and the ankles are far apart; the most common causes are irregularity in growth of the long bones of the lower limb (sometimes from injury to the bone ends at the knee) and weak ligaments. The weight of the body, which is not supported properly, turns the knees in and the weak lower legs buckle until the ankles are spread far apart. See illustration. Called also knock-knee.

Genu valgum in young children varies in seriousness. Milder cases may disappear after early childhood as bones, ligaments, and muscles strengthen and coordination improves. More serious cases can often be corrected by strengthening exercises and by proper manipulation of the joints. Sometimes braces are used to ensure the proper alignment of growing legs. In a very young child, genu valgum involves only the soft bone ends where the bone grows. If allowed to continue for a number of years, the condition can lead to abnormal developments in body structure. The sooner corrective measures are taken, the more effective the treatment is likely to be.
Genu varum and genu valgum. From Copstead and Banasik, 2000.
genu va´rum an outward curvature of one or both lower limbs near the knee; see illustration. Called also bowleg.

ge·nu va·'rum

a deformity marked by medial angulation of the leg in relation to the thigh; an outward bowing of the legs.

genu varum

Etymology: L, knee, varus, bent outward
a deformity in which one or both legs are bent outward at the knee. Also called bowleg. Compare genu valgum.
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Genu varum


External deviation of the knee(s). A certain degree is normally present in infants, and corrects itself with bipedal ambulation; when excessive, rickets should be excluded, as vitamin D-induced osteomalacia may lead to bending of the femoral shaft bearing the mechanical brunt of ambulatory kinetics. When combined with anterior curvature of the tibia and fibula, affected children have a “saddle-sore” stance. Anterior or antero-lateral bowing of the tibia may occur in neurofibromatosis with fractures, and may be complicated by pseudoarthrosis .

genu varum

Bowleg Orthopedics A frontal plane deformity of the knee in which the distal tibia is directed towards the midline/median sagittal plane; GV is usually associated with coxa valga–the ankles are together and knees apart, and the Pt stands with feet together, knees separated and the tibias angled downward and inward. See Coxa valga.

ge·nu va·rum

(jē'nyū vā'rŭm)
A deformity marked by medial angulation of the leg in relation to the thigh; an outward bowing of the lower limbs.
Synonym(s): bowleg, bow-leg, tibia vara.


(je'nu) plural.genua [L.]
1. The knee.
2. Any structure of angular form resembling a bent knee.
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genu recurvatum

Hyperextension at the knee joint.
See: illustration

genu valgum

Valgus knee.

genu varum

Varus knee.

genu varum

Bow or bandy legs. This is common and normal in healthy toddlers and usually corrects itself by about 18 months. Severe bowing can be caused by OSTEOCHONDROSIS of the main lower leg bone (the tibia) or by rickets. In these cases the condition can be cured by early treatment with night splints.


pl. genua [L.] the knee.

genu extrorsum
genu of facial nerve
the bend in the facial nerve at the lateral end of the internal acoustic meatus.
genu introrsum
genu recurvatum
hyperextensibility of the knee joint.
genu valgum
genu varum
References in periodicals archive ?
Occurrence of bent or bowed legs in growing dogs could be attributed to imbalanced nutrition (specially disturbed Ca:P ratio in feed), excessive feeding of meat/liver in diet; or overzealous calcium supplementation.
Mr Gray then questioned if Sanam could have sustained the bruises because of her bowed legs.
Studies have found that children who have bowed legs, knocked knees, both, or neither of these stages develop straight legs.
It causes the softening and weakening of bones, which can lead to deformities, such as bowed legs and curvature of the spine.
Rickets, characterised by bowed legs in children, is softening of the bones that can lead to disability due to lack of vitamin D which helps bones strengthen.
The researchers warned serious vitamin D deficiency in children is on the increase, leading to fractures and fits as well as bowed legs.
Vitamin D prevents the disease rickets, which can cause malformed bones, bowed legs, late tooth development and listlessness in children, while also regulating bone formation and repair.
Bowed legs formed the double arch of the famous M, the stippled back of a nonspecific four-legged animal imitated a carton of French fries, a squat, rotund deity could be seen, on close examination, to be a hamburger on legs, and so on.
There are 100 new cases each year of the disease, which causes kids to develop bowed legs.
Symptoms of rickets, which leads to softening of the bones, fits and slows a child's walking development, include bowed legs in toddlers and knock-knees in older children.
It can be extremely painful and can cause stunted growth, bowed legs and enlarged wrists and ankles.
Bone disease Rickets, which causes bowed legs and curvature of the spine - and was associated with Victorian slums - is back more than 80 years after it was thought to have been eradicated.