Borrelia


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Related to Borrelia: Lyme disease, Borrelia hermsii, Borrelia lonestari, Borrelia recurrentis

Borrelia

 [bo-rel´e-ah]
a genus of gram-negative, aerobic, spirochete bacteria that are parasites on mucous membranes and cause borreliosis and other conditions. B. burgdor´feri, transmitted by ixodid ticks, is the cause of acrodermatitis chronica atrophicans, erythema chronicum migrans, and lyme disease. B. recurren´tis is transmitted by the human body louse Pediculus humanus and causes epidemic relapsing fever in various countries around the world. A number of other species are spread by tick bites and also cause relapsing fever.

Borrelia

(bō-rē'lē-ă, bo-rel'ē-ă),
A genus of bacteria (family Treponemataceae) containing cells 8-16 mcm in length, with coarse, shallow, irregular spirals and tapered, finely filamented ends. These organisms are parasitic on many forms of animal life, are generally hematophytic, or are found on mucous membranes; most are transmitted to animals or humans by the bites of arthropods. The type species is Borrelia anserina. Within the Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato complex, three pathogenic groups have been identified in North America; all strains identified to date as human pathogens belong to the genospecies Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto.
[A. Borrel]

Borrelia

/Bor·rel·ia/ (bah-rel´e-ah) a genus of bacteria (family Spirochaetaceae), parasitic in many animals. B. burgdor´feri causes Lyme disease and skin disease, and numerous species cause relapsing fever.

Borrelia

(bə-rē′lē-ə, -rĕl′ē-ə)
n.
A genus of spirochetes that includes species that cause Lyme disease and relapsing fever.

borrelia

(bə-rĕl′ē-ə, -rē′lē-ə)
n.
Any of various spirochetes of the genus Borrelia that are pathogens of humans, other mammals, and birds, including the causal agents of Lyme disease and relapsing fever.

Borrelia

[bərel′ē·ə]
Etymology: Amédée Borrel, French bacteriologist, 1867-1936
a genus of coarse, unevenly coiled helical spirochetes, several species of which cause tick-borne and louseborne relapsing fever. The organism is spread to offspring from generation to generation. This does not occur in lice. Many animals serve as reservoirs and hosts for Borrelia. The spirochete may be identified by microscopic examination of a smear of blood stained with Wright's stain; it is also easily inoculated onto culture media for bacterial culture and identification.

Bor·rel·i·a

(bŏ-rel'ē-ă)
A genus of bacteria (family Treponemataceae) containing cells 8 to 16 mcm in length, with coarse, shallow, irregular spirals and tapered, finely filamented ends. These organisms are parasitic on many forms of animal life, are generally hematophytic, or are found on mucous membranes; most are transmitted to animals or humans by the bites of arthropods. The type species is B. anserina.
[A. Borrel]

Borrelia

A genus of spiral-shaped bacteria that includes the organism Borrelia burgdoferi responsible for LYME DISEASE and Borrelia recurrentis that causes RELAPSING FEVER. (Amedee Borrel, 1867–1936, Strasbourg bacteriologist).

Borrelia

a genus of spiral, gram-negative bacteria. The spirals have a long amplitude and are irregular.

Borrelia anserina
causes fowl spirochetosis.
Borrelia burgdorferi
causes lyme disease in humans and animals.
Borrelia recurrentis
causes relapsing fever in humans, and a subclinical disease in Virginia opossum, one of the major reservoirs of the disease.
Borrelia suilla
not an accredited species. Originally identified as a cause of ulcerative granuloma of swine.
Borrelia theileri
cause of theileriasis in cattle, sheep and horses.
References in periodicals archive ?
After a tick bite, the causal pathogen leading to Lyme Disease - Borrelia burgdorferi - remains at the site of the bite in the skin for some time.
However, the cytokine response of patient 1 may in part have been caused by Borrelia spp.
Borrelia burgdorferi is the bacterium which causes the most common of the tickborne diseases, Lyme borreliosis or Lyme disease.
Phylogeography of Borrelia burgdorferi in the eastern United States reflects multiple independent Lyme disease emergence events.
As is the case with many other infectious disease immunoassays, serology tests designed to measure antibody to Borrelia have changed by design through the years.
Culotta's lab at JHU investigates what she called "metal-trafficking" in organisms--the biochemical mechanisms that cells and pathogens such as Borrelia use to acquire and manipulate metal ions for their biological purposes.
After 4 d to 2 wk, blood samples obtained from an infected Guinea pig were examined microscopically to determine the presence of Borrelia in their peripheral blood samples.
Survey of ticks collected in Mississippi for Rickettsia, Ehrlichia, and Borrelia species.
20, 100, or 500 Borrelia cells) that was analyzed by 3 individual operators using 4 instruments; each operator running the samples on a different day (Table 1).
ABSTRACT--White-tailed deer, Odocoileus virginianus, are significant reservoir hosts of Borrelia burgdorferi, the causative agent of Lyme disease.
LONDON -- Borrelia burgdorferi from tick bites, the causative agent of Lyme disease in the United States, has been linked to cases of primary cutaneous B-cell lymphoma in certain areas of Europe, reported Rein Willemze, M.