This study was supported by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research within the Zoonotic Bornavirus
Consortium (ZooBoCo), a project of the National Network of Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Germany.
In 2015, a novel zoonotic bornavirus
, the variegated squirrel bornavirus
1 (VSBV-1; new species Mammalian 2 bornavirus
), was discovered in tissue samples from the central nervous system (CNS) of 3 persons with encephalitis, which resulted in death (11).
Survey of bornaviruses in pet psittacines in Brazil reveals a novel parrot bornavirus
. Vet Microbiol.
Pathology and diagnosis of avian bornavirus
infection in wild Canada geese (Branta canadensis), trumpeter swans (Cygnus buccinatoi) and mute swans (Cygnus olor) in Canada: a retrospective study.
Depending on the bird's condition and health concerns, I may discuss or recommend bornavirus
PCR for parts of the large viral polymerase and the nucleocapsid protein genes of avian bornavirus
was performed as described (11).
Proventricular dilatation disease and avian bornavirus
as a possible cause.
Recently, 2 independent groups of investigators identified a new member of the family Bornaviridae, named avian bornavirus
(ABV), in parrots with histopathologically confirmed PDD.
(ABV), the cause of proventricular dilation disease in psittacine birds, has been detected in multiple tissues of infected birds using immunohistochemical staining (IHC) and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).
(9) provided evidence that PDD is associated with the presence of novel virus species within the family Bornaviridae, provisionally termed avian bornavirus
2015: A variegated squirrel bornavirus
associated with fatal human encephalitis.