Bordetella pertussis


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Financial, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

Bor·de·tel·la per·tus·'sis

the bacterial species that is the causative agent of whooping cough, a respiratory tract infection that in infants and young children may be life threatening; the severe cough, progressing to a paroxysmal form after 7-10 days, is associated with production of pertussis toxin, a protein consisting of 5 B. subunits that bind the molecule to respiratory epithelial cells, and an A subunit, an ADP-ribosyl-transferase that interferes with proteins associated with normal signal transduction; pathology is also associated with heavy secretion of mucus and hypoxia due to paroxysmal coughing and to blockage of air passages with mucus.

Bordetella pertussis

A small, aerobic, gram-negative bacillus, which classically causes whooping cough. B pertussis produces various toxins including a dermo-necrotising toxin, an adenyl cyclase, an endotoxin and pertussis toxin, as well as surface components such as fimbrial haemagglutinin.

Clinical findings
Runny nose, sneezing, mild cough, low-grade fever.
 
Diagnosis
Culture, serology.

Bordetella pertussis

Microbiology A small, aerobic, gram-negative bacillus, causative organism of whooping cough; B pertussis produces various toxins including a dermonecrotizing toxin, an adenyl cyclase, an endotoxin and pertussis toxin, as well as surface components such as fimbrial hemagglutinin Diagnosis Culture, serology, clinical Rx

Bor·de·tel·la per·tus·sis

(bōr-dĕ-tel'ă pĕr-tŭs'is)
A bacterial species that causes whooping cough; it produces cell-destroying toxins and causes thick mucus to collect in the airway. The type species of the Bordetella genus.

Bor·de·tel·la per·tus·sis

(bōr-dĕ-tel'ă pĕr-tŭs'is)
A bacterial species that causes whoo-ping cough.

Bordetella

a genus of gram-negative bacteria which cause respiratory disease in a number of species.

Bordetella avium
the cause of turkey coryza. Previously called Alcaligenes fecalis.
Bordetella bronchiseptica
a small, gram-negative, motile bacillus. A normal inhabitant of the respiratory tract in humans, dogs and pigs, but also causes pneumonia, stillbirths, abortions, canine infectious tracheobronchitis (see kennel cough) and atrophic rhinitis in pigs.
Bordetella parapertussis
implicated in pneumonia in sheep, in association with Mannheimia haemolytica.
Bordetella pertussis
the cause of whooping cough in humans. Used as an adjuvant for immunostimulation.
References in periodicals archive ?
Evolution of French Bordetella pertussis and Bordetella parapertussis isolates: increase of Bordetellae not expressing pertactin.
Prevalence of Bordetella pertussis and Bordetella parapertussis infections in Tunisian hospitalized infants: results of a 4-year prospective study.
Bp1 Bp2 Characteristic 1997 2000 134 I parapertussis Growth 4 4 4 4 1 1 1 rate*(Days) Catalase + + + + + + + Oxidase + + + + - + + Nitrate - - - - - + - reductase Urease - - - - + - + Growth on Blood agar - - - - + - + MacConkey agar - - - - V - + Strain/lsolate Bp3 Bp4 Bp5 Bp6 Bp7 Bp8 Bp9 Bp10 Bp11 Characteristic Growth 4 1 5 1 5 5 5 1 1 rate*(Days) Catalase + + + + + + + + + Oxidase + + + + + + + + + Nitrate - - - - - - - - - reductase Urease - + - + - - - + + Growth on Blood agar - - - - - - - - - MacConkey agar - - - - - - - - - * Growth rate represents minimum days of appearance of colonies on BGA; Hp: Bordetella pertussis.
Bordet and Gengou were successfully isolated this Gram Negative bacteria which is now called Bordetella Pertussis (Hewlett et al.
Wadowsky, Robert M, Inhibition of PCR-Based Assay for Bordetella pertussis by Using Calcium Alginate Fiber and Aluminum Shaft Components of a Nasopharyngeal Swab.
Beginning January 1, 2008, the Vermont Department of Health Laboratory (VDHL) will be offering Bordetella pertussis PCR testing.
The bacteria is very similar to Bordetella pertussis, which causes whooping cough in children.
La tos ferina, conocida tambien como pertusis, y en algunos paises de America como coqueluche, es una infeccion del sistema o aparato respiratorio provocada por bacterias de la especie Bordetella pertussis.
They also confirm previous research in several countries which has shown that Bordetella pertussis (whooping cough) infection is an endemic disease among adolescents and adults and that the vaccine does not offer long-term protection.
Pertussis, also called whooping cough, is caused by Bordetella pertussis.