bond

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bond

 [bond]
the linkage between atoms or radicals of a chemical compound, or the symbol representing this linkage and indicating the number and attachment of the valencies of an atom in constitutional formulas, represented by a pair of dots or a line between atoms, e.g., H—O—H, H—C≡C—H or H:O:H, H:C:::C:H.
coordinate covalent bond a covalent bond in which one of the bonded atoms furnishes both of the shared electrons.
covalent bond a chemical bond between two atoms or radicals formed by the sharing of a pair (single bond), two pairs (double bond), or three pairs of electrons (triple bond).
disulfide bond a strong covalent bond, —S—S—, important in linking polypeptide chains in proteins, the linkage arising as a result of the oxidation of the sulfhydryl (SH) groups of two molecules of cysteine.
high-energy phosphate bond an energy-rich phosphate linkage present in adenosine triphosphate (ATP), phosphocreatine, and certain other biological molecules. On hydrolysis at pH 7 it yields about 8000 calories per mole, in contrast to the 3000 calories yielded by phosphate esters. The bond stores energy that is used to drive biochemical processes, such as the synthesis of macromolecules, contraction of muscles, and the production of the electrical potentials for nerve conduction.
high-energy sulfur bond an energy-rich sulfur linkage, the most important of which occurs in the acetyl-CoA molecule, the main source of energy in fatty acid biosynthesis.
hydrogen bond a weak, primarily electrostatic, bond between a hydrogen atom bound to a highly electronegative element (such as oxygen or nitrogen) in a given molecule, or part of a molecule, and a second highly electronegative atom in another molecule or in a different part of the same molecule.
ionic bond a chemical bond in which electrons are transferred from one atom to another so that one bears a positive and the other a negative charge, the attraction between these opposite charges forming the bond.
peptide bond the —CO—NH— linkage formed between the carboxyl group of one amino acid and the amino group of another; it is an amide linkage joining amino acids to form peptides.

bond

(bond),
chemistry the force holding two neighboring atoms in place and resisting their separation; a bond is electrovalent if it consists of the attraction between oppositely charged groups, or covalent if it results from the sharing of one, two, or three pairs of electrons by the bonded atoms.
Chemistry A unit of chemical attraction; the ‘glue’ that maintains the molecules in their 3-D configuration—e.g., O2 has 2 bonds of affinity, which may be graphically represented by a short line or dash
Social medicine A binding force or influence; a cause of union; a uniting tie—e.g., bonds of fellowship

bond

(bond)
chemistry The force holding two neighboring atoms in place and resisting their separation; a bond is electrovalent if it consists of the attraction between oppositely charged groups, or covalent if it results from the sharing of one, two, or three pairs of electrons by the bonded atoms.

bond

  1. the force of mutual attraction that holds atoms together in molecules (see VAN DER WAALS INTERACTIONS and SULPHUR BRIDGE), such as high-energy bonds in ATP, weak hydrogen bonds in DNA, PEPTIDE BONDS and the disulphide bond of proteins.
  2. also called pair bond . The attraction which maintains a male/female relationship, for purposes of breeding, during the life cycle of some animals, mainly warmblooded vertebrates.

bond

(bond)
chemistry the force holding two neighboring atoms in place and resisting their separation.
References in periodicals archive ?
The bond formed by the tape is strong enough that it can replace many mechanical fasteners, yet it is flexible enough to provide gap filling properties and serve as a sealant to prevent moisture buildup.
Because the sheet and the foam are both of the same polymer family, a strong bond forms over the entirety of both surfaces of the foam core, according to Solvay.
A durable, plastic bond forms and cures in as little as 4 min and has a room-temperature tensile strength of 3000 psi.
Written by her mother, a caring teacher herself, The Classroom Is Bare gives readers rare insight into the bond formed between a mother and child during a time of grief.
A bond forms out of adversity--being judged, graded and critiqued does draw the group together.
The carbonyl oxygen that is part of the amide bond formed with the NZ of [[beta].sub.2]Lys82 forms a hydrogen bond with side chain of [[beta].sub.2]Asn139 that is in turn hydrogen-bonded to the side chain of [[beta].sub.2]Arg104.
Since Bond formed 18 months ago they have had Beethoven buffs drooling over their programmes.
The bond formed by a pressure-sensitive adhesive cannot be explained by the reasoning above.