Nomenclature (u, v): Components of velocity field [c.sub.p]: Specific heat at constant pressure [N.sub.u]: Nusselt number [P.sub.r]: Prandtl number [Q.sub.0]: Heat generation/absorption coefficient [S.sub.h]: Sherwood number T: Temperature of the flow field T - TO [T.sub.[infinity]] Temperature of the fluid at infinity [T.sub.w]: Temperature at the plate f: Dimensionless similarity functions [E.sub.a]: The activation energy k: The

Boltzmann constant [S.sub.c]: Schmidt number E: The nondimensional activation energy [G.sub.r]: Grashof number [G.sub.m]: Modified (Solutal) Grashof number.

The CGPM also noted, "The kelvin is currently defined in terms of an intrinsic property of water that, while being an invariant of nature, in practice depends on the purity and isotopic composition of the water used." Instead, the Conference suggested that it was "possible to redefine the kelvin so that it is linked to an exact numerical value of the

Boltzmann constant k," which links temperature to mechanical energy.

NOMENCLATURE 2-D two-dimensional A particle area fraction d diameter of particles g(r) radial distribution function [J.sub.0] (x) first kind of Bessel function k

Boltzmann constant l cell length n number of particles T temperature u potential of interaction [u.sub.dipole] dipole-dipole interaction [u.sub.coulomb] Coulomb interaction w(r) potential of mean force y distance coordinate Ze particle charge Greek Symbols [epsilon] dielectric constant [[epsilon].sub.w] dielectric electric constant for water [[epsilon].sub.n] dielectric electric constant for non-polar fluid [[kappa].sup.-1] Debye screening length

which is the adiabatic gradient at the stellar surface, where k is the

Boltzmann constant, G the gravitational constant, M the mass of the star, R the radius of the star, [m.sub.p] the mass of a gas molecule.

For the forthcoming redefinition of the kelvin in the International System of Units (SI), an exact numerical value for the

Boltzmann constant k in units of joules per kelvin will be selected to relate the thermodynamic temperature T to energy E using the relation E = kT.

In this equation, K is

Boltzmann constant (1.38 x [10.sup.-16] erg/[kappa]), T is temperature (300 K), dM/dH is gradient near zero field (=0.02 in fig.

where [[sigma].sub.0] is the preexponential factor, [k.sub.B] is the

Boltzmann constant, and [[epsilon].sub.a(ac)] is the activation energy that controls the jump of charge carriers from one site to another neighboring site.

where [q.sub.e] is the unit electron charge, T is the absolute temperature, k is the

Boltzmann constant and [I.sub.C] is the transistor dc current.

Here, [J.sub.i] is the ionic flux, [D.sub.i] is diffusion coefficient, [k.sub.B] is the

Boltzmann constant, T is the temperature and [n.sub.i] is the ionic concentration.

Here, E is the energy and [beta] = 1/[k.sub.B]T, with [k.sub.B] being

Boltzmann constant which we set to be 1 in natural unit system.

The critical distance can be taken as the distance over which the potential drops by KBT/q where KB is the

Boltzmann constant and it can be written as: Equation