Boerhaave's syndrome


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Related to Boerhaave's syndrome: pneumomediastinum

Boerhaave's syndrome

(bo͝or′hä′vəz) or

Boerhaave syndrome

(-və)
n.
Complete and spontaneous rupture of the lower esophagus.

Boerhaave's syndrome

[bôr′hävz]
Etymology: Hermann Boerhaave, Dutch physician, 1668-1738
a condition marked by spontaneous rupture of the esophagus, usually preceded by severe vomiting, leading to mediastinitis and pleural effusion. Clinical manifestations are violent retching or vomiting. Emergency care with surgery and drainage is needed to save the life of the patient.
References in periodicals archive ?
If the lesion includes all the layers of the esophagus, it is called Boerhaave's syndrome, whereas if it only includes the mucosal layer, it is called the Mallory-Weiss syndrome (7, 8).
The emergency physician should think of Boerhaave's syndrome in the presence of sudden chest pain and subcutaneous emphysema, following heaving and vomiting.
Onyeka WO, Booth SJ (1999) Boerhaave's syndrome presenting as tension pneumothorax.
DISCUSSION: Boerhaave's syndrome refers to post emetic transmural esophageal perforation.
While frequently used as a screening examination, radiographs are often nonspecific for Boerhaave's syndrome.