congenital diaphragmatic hernia

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con·gen·i·tal di·a·phrag·mat·ic her·ni·a

1. failure of the left pleuroperitoneal membrane to fuse with the posterior margin of the diaphragm; most commonly occurs on the left side;
2. Synonym(s): retrosternal hernia
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

con·gen·i·tal di·a·phrag·mat·ic her·ni·a

(kŏn-jen'i-tăl dī'ă-frag-mat'ik hĕr'nē-ă)
Defective development of the pleuroperitoneal membrane (usually on the left) results in a posterolateral defect in the diaphragm and allows the abdominal viscera to protrude into the thorax.
Synonym(s): Bochdalek hernia.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH)

A condition in which the fetal diaphragm—the muscle dividing the chest and abdominal cavity—does not close completely.
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


Vincent A., Czech anatomist, 1801-1883.
Bochdalek duct - thyroglossal duct. Synonym(s): duct of His; duct of Vater; thyrolingual duct
Bochdalek foramen - a congenital defective opening through the diaphragm, connecting pleural and peritoneal cavities. Synonym(s): pleuroperitoneal hiatus
Bochdalek ganglion - a ganglion of the plexus of the dental nerve lying in the maxilla just above the root of the canine tooth.
Bochdalek gap - a triangular area in the diaphragm devoid of muscle fibers. Synonym(s): vertebrocostal trigone
Bochdalek hernia - absence of the pleuroperitoneal membrane (usually on the left) or an enlarged Morgagni foramen which allows protrusion of abdominal viscera into the chest. Synonym(s): congenital diaphragmatic hernia
Bochdalek muscle - an occasional thin band of muscular fibers passing between the root of the tongue and the triticeal cartilage. Synonym(s): musculus triticeoglossus
Bochdalek valve - a fold of mucous membrane in the lacrimal canaliculus at the lacrimal punctum. Synonym(s): Foltz valvule
flower basket of Bochdalek - part of the choroid plexus of the fourth ventricle protruding through Luschka foramen and resting on the dorsal surface of the glossopharyngeal nerve.
Medical Eponyms © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Laparoscopic treatment of Bochdalek hernia without the use of a mesh.
Nontraumatic massive right-sided Bochdalek hernia in an adult: An unusual presentation.
We report a case of a man who had a left thoracic kidney associated with left Bochdalek hernia.
Routine blood investigations were normal, CT thorax revealed a large defect in the posterior hemi diaphragm (Bochdalek hernia) with herniation of left kidney along with retroperitoneal and omental fat into the left hemi thorax.
Gale, "Bochdalek hernia: prevalence and CT characteristics," Radiology, vol.
Herein, we report a case of a woman with Bochdalek hernia during the 30 gestational weeks' pregnancy in whom pregnancy continued after surgical repair which resulted in term birth.
According to the thoracoabdominal magnetic resonance imaging result in the general surgery clinic, the patient underwent operation with the diagnosis of irreducible Bochdalek hernia (Figure 2).
In 1845, Victor Alexander Bochdalek from Prague described both right and left posterolateral CDH and it is referred as Bochdalek hernia. (1)
Bochdalek Hernia is the commonest type of CDH, occurs in utero at approximately 6 weeks of gestation, followed by Morgagni hernia and Hiatus hernia.