Blount's disease


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tibia

 [tib´e-ah]
the inner and larger of the two bones of the lower leg; it articulates with the femur and head of the fibula above and with the talus below. See appendix 3-3 and see color plates.
Tibia. Anterior (A) and posterior (B) views of the right tibia. From Dorland's, 2000.
tibia val´ga a bowing of the leg in which the angulation is away from the midline of the body.
tibia va´ra medial angulation of the tibia in the metaphyseal region, due to a growth disturbance of the medial aspect of the proximal tibial epiphysis; there are both infantile and adolescent types. Called also Blount's disease.
Blount's disease osteochondrosis of posteromedial part of proximal tibia (see Table 1)
Table 1: Presentations of osteochondritis/osteochondrosis in the leg and foot
OCSite affectedTypeAge of onset (years)
Blount's diseaseProximal tibial epiphysisUnderdevelopment of medial epiphysis1-3; 6-13
Buschke's diseaseCuneiformsOssification anomaly11-15
Freiberg's diseaseSecond/third metatarsal headCrushing OC12-18
Iselin's diseaseBase of fifth metatarsalTraction apophysitis11-15
Kohler's diseaseNavicularCrushing OC3-7
Legg-Calve-Perthe diseaseCapital femoral epiphysisTrue OC2-16
Osgood-Schlatter diseaseTibial tuberosityTrauma-related11-15
Osteochondritis dissecansTalar dome
Lateral femoral condyle of knee
Osteonecrosis12-18
Sever's diseaseCalcaneal apophysisTraction apophysitis10-14
Sinding-Larson-Johansson diseasePatellaTraction apophysitis10-14
Treve's diseaseSesamoids (1 MTPJ)True OC15-20

1 MTPJ, first metatarsophalangeal joint.

References in periodicals archive ?
Nonsurgical and surgical treatments are available for Blount's disease, depending on the age of the patient and severity of the disease.
Blount's disease is an abnormality of the growth of the proximal inner tibia, which is best diagnosed radiographically.