blood sugar

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a sweet carbohydrate of either animal or vegetable origin; the two principal groups are the disaccharides and the monosaccharides.
beet sugar sucrose from sugar beets.
blood sugar
1. glucose occurring in the blood.
2. the amount of glucose in the blood.
cane sugar sucrose from sugar cane.
fruit sugar fructose.
invert sugar a mixture of equal amounts of dextrose and fructose, obtained by hydrolyzing sucrose; used in solution as a parenteral nutrient.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

d-glu·cose (G, Glc),

Dextrose; a dextrorotatory monosaccharide (hexose) found in the free state in fruits and other parts of plants, and combined in glucosides, disaccharides (often with fructose in sugars), oligosaccharides, and polysaccharides; it is the product of complete hydrolysis of cellulose, starch, and glycogen. Free glucose also occurs in the blood, where it is a principal energy source for use by body tissues (normal human concentration, 70-110 mg per 100 mL); in diabetes mellitus, it appears in the urine. The epimers of d-glucose are d-allose, d-mannose, d-galactose, and l-idose. Dextrose should not be confused with the l-isomer, which is sinistrose.
Synonym(s): cellohexose
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

blood sugar

1. Sugar in the form of glucose in the blood.
2. The concentration of glucose in the blood, measured in milligrams of glucose per 100 milliliters of blood. In both senses also called blood glucose.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

blood sugar

See Glucose, Hyperglycemia, Hypoglycemia.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

blood sug·ar

(blŭd shug'ăr) Colloq. for plasma glucose concentration.
Amount of glucose in blood; measured regularly by patients with diabetes.
See also: glucose
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

blood sugar

Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

blood sugar

Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005

Blood sugar

The concentration of glucose in the blood.
Mentioned in: Antidiabetic Drugs
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


A dextrorotatory monosaccharide found in a free form in fruits and other parts of plants, and in combination in glucosides, glycogen, disaccharides, and polysaccharides; chief source of energy in human metabolism, the final product of carbohydrate digestion, and the principal sugar of the blood; insulin is required for the use of glucose by cells; in diabetes mellitus, the level of glucose in the blood is excessive, and it also appears in the urine.
Synonym(s): d-glucose.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012

Patient discussion about blood sugar

Q. I would like to compare old blood sugar and today´s blood sugar values or level. what is the difference?

A. i'm not sure understand the ask how to do so? what does a difference mean? to compare with your old blood sugar test? others?
i would like to help but i think i'll need a bit more information...

Q. does anyone know the range for childrens blood sugar?

A. The range for children's blood sugar level is quite similar to that of adults, and should be below 126 mg/dl after a 12 hour fast, or under 200 mg/dl on a random testing. 2 following testings that show pathologic results define diabetes.

Q. I have Type II Diabetes, but have regular problems with low blood sugar levels. What should I do? I am an over 60 female who has been diagnosed with Type II Diabetes. I was originally on Metformin, but my doctor discontinued it because I was having severe low blood sugar levels a lot (as low as 40). I have heard that putting me on insulin might help, but I don't see how since I have more low than high levels. Anyone have any suggestions or information about what I can do? (I do follow diabetic eating with proper food and frequent small meals, but that doesn't seem to help.)

A. i'm not sure about this but maybe because of your sensitivity to Metformin they want to move to insulin shots because they want accuracy. but as all it sounds a bit strange, cause most of the times they save that as a last resort. there's probably something else that's missing asked them why insulin shots?

More discussions about blood sugar
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References in periodicals archive ?
After the end of the test preparation, The blood glucose levels were measured to see the presence of antidiabetic effects.
When the subjects were randomized to eat five smaller meals each day, the mean seven-point blood glucose levels was lower than when they ate three main meals (9.1mmol/L vs 9.5 mmol/L).
However when the rat feed prepared from the different varieties of millet were fed to the Streptozotocin induced diabetic rats, Foxtail millet FF proved to be the most effective feed in lowering the random blood glucose level. Finger millet FF was the second most effective millet variety to lower the blood glucose level in the experimental animals, whereas Pearl millet FF and Proso millet FF had almost the same results.
Lifestyle intervention to address these factors appears to be a valuable part of any therapeutic approach.8 A positive impact of mild to moderate exercise intervention on IR in young patients has been reported.9 The current study Trial No: (Trial ID ISRCTN16466697) was designed to determine the effects of a 25 weeks supervised structured aerobic exercise training (SSAET) program on fasting blood glucose level (FBGL), plasma insulin level (PIL), glycemic control (GC), and insulin resistance (IR) in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).
The diabetic group fed on Bengal gram HFD also showed the significant increase in the blood glucose level during the 1st week after the induction of diabetes (102.16+-13.74 to 259.50+-8.16).
The kit used for glucose estimation was Glucose-Liquizyme (Germany) and the equipments used for cell count and blood glucose level estimation were auto hematology analyzer (Rayto, China) and semi auto chemistry analyzer (Rayto, China) respectively.
Blood glucose levels were recorded on 0 day before the administration of normal saline, then on 1st, 3rd 7th, 14th, 21st and 28th days.
Fasting blood glucose levels and pGSN values were monitored in diabetic mice (C57BL/6 HFD/STZ) at the start of Sitagliptin treatment and after two weeks of daily treatment with either PBS or Sitagliptin (10 mg/kg) as per protocols described above.
In order to reduce calibration and measurement error capacitance values at different frequencies were averaged Blood glucose level increase by 2 mmol/l corresponds t capacitance increase by 3.5 pF.
Higher long-term blood glucose levels adversely impact hemoglobin A1c: for example, a hemoglobin A1c of 6% roughly represents an average blood glucose level of 135 mg/dL, and 5% roughly represents an average blood glucose level of 90 mg/dL.
A doctor can diagnose diabetes by reviewing your symptoms and checking your blood glucose levels. One test (fasting plasma glucose test) measures your blood glucose level after eating or drinking nothing (fasting) for at least eight hours, usually overnight.