bladder augmentation


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Related to bladder augmentation: Mitrofanoff, augmentation cystoplasty

augmentation

 [awg-men-ta´shun]
an adding on.
bladder augmentation augmentation cystoplasty.
breast augmentation popular name for augmentation mammaplasty.

bladder augmentation

augmentation cystoplasty, often achieved with the addition of a flap of bowel or stomach to the bladder to increase bladder volume.

augmentation cystoplasty

Reconstructive surgery in which a segment of the bowel is removed and used to replace part of a diseased urinary bladder in patients with low bladder capacity or detrusor compliance, resulting in severe urgency, frequency, incontinence, recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs), pyelonephritis, or progressive renal insufficiency.

Complications
Bowel obstruction, blood clots, infection, pneumonia, urinary fistulae, UTI, difficulty urinating and, rarely, tumours.

Contraindications
Inflammatory bowel disease (especially Crohn’s disease), short or irradiated bowel, bladder tumours, severe radiation cystitis, severe renal insufficiency.

bladder augmentation

Surgical enlargement of the urinary bladder with a segment of bowel. The technique enlarges the reservoir of the bladder and enhances the compliance of the detrusor muscles. It is used esp. in patients with neurogenic bladder problems refractory to medical therapy. When a major portion of the bladder is resected (due to a malignancy), an isolated intestinal pouch is used as a substitute for the bladder (neoenterocystoplasty).
Synonym: enterocystoplasty
References in periodicals archive ?
The major advantages of bladder augmentation with uroepithelium are mainly related to the absence of mucus production, with a decreased likelihood of urinary infection and lithiasis.
In the 14 patients on whom we performed ureterocystoplasty at our clinic, good bladder augmentation results (i.
Bladder augmentation using allogenic bladder submucosa seeded with cells.
22 week assessment of bladder acellular matrix as a bladder augmentation material in a porcine model.
10,26) Following bladder augmentation, patients must catheterize regularly and perform bladder irrigations with water to minimize infection risk and prevent bladder stone formation.
Bladder augmentation, intermittent catheterization, and urinary undiversion are often unnecessary for people with cerebral palsy.
Ruthie felt that before the bladder augmentation was performed, Lisa should be in good health, strong, and have an adequate body weight.
The mean time between the initial bladder augmentation and conversion to an ileal conduit was 55 months (range: 4 to 220 months).
She underwent an ileal bladder augmentation 4 years earlier without change in her symptoms.
Building on concepts generated through the application of SIS in bladder augmentation, it was speculated that homologous bladder ECM may provide a more suitable substrate for bladder regeneration.
Several procedures that can predispose a patient to stone formation include vesical neck suspension procedures or bladder augmentations.