bitolterol


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bitolterol

 [bi-tol´ter-ol]
a beta-adrenergic receptor agonist used as a bronchodilator; administered by inhalation as the mesylate salt in the treatment of bronchospasm associated with asthma and the treatment and prophylaxis of bronchospasm associated with chronic obstructive airway disease, including bronchitis and pulmonary emphysema.
References in periodicals archive ?
First, salbutamol, formoterol, and salmeterol are allowed to be used in limited doses, whereas other beta-2 mimetics such as albuterol, bitolterol, levalbuterol, pirbuterol and terbutaline, are not.
It must be remembered that the later adrenergic agents (albuterol, bitolterol, pirbuterol, levalbuterol, salmeterol, formoterol, and arformoterol) are much more beta 2 specific than previous agents such as epinephrine and isoetherine.
We searched MEDLINE (1966-2000), EMBASE (1974-2000), and The Cochrane Library (through August 2000) using the key words "bronchitis" or "cough", together with the terms "adrenergic beta-agonist (exp)," "bronchodilator agents (exp)," "sympathomimetic (exp)," "albuterol," "salbutamol," "bitolterol," "isoetharine," "metaproterenol," "pirbuterol," "salmeterol," "terbutaline," "fenoterol," "formoterol," or "procaterol" (note that albuterol and salbutamol are the same compound).
Table - 4 List of pharmaceutical products, imported without violating patent rights Name of products Acidum pipemidig Atenolol Albendazol Amineptina Aciclovir Acid clavulanic Astemizole Aztreonam Bacampicillin Budesonide Bitolterol mesylate Bromcriptine masylate Bifonazol Cyclosporin Cefadroxil monohydrat Cefotaxime sodium Cyclopirox olamine Cytarabine Hcl Cetraxate Hcl Cefsulodin sodium Cefoperazone Domperidon Estazolam Fentiazac Isoconazol Ipratropium bromide Ifosfamide Ketoconazol Labetalol Hcl Minoxidil Miconazol Metroprolol tartrat Metrizamide Mianserin Hcl Midazolam malfate Metilmicin SO4 Nadolol Nicardipine Hcl Nor floxacin Oxatomide Piroxicam Praziquantel Procaterol Hcl Prazosin Hcl Sisomicin sulfat Sulprostone Tiemonium metil SO4 Tioconazole Vindesine SO4 Vecuronium bromide
Another class of drugs, beta agonists, such as albuterol, bitolterol, metaproterenol, pirbuterol, and terbutaline, are used either when the symptoms occur or just before an activity that may cause symptoms.
The more recent generation of beta-2 agonists, including albuterol, levalbuterol, bitolterol and pirbuterol, have minimum untoward cardiovascular effects, making them ideal for managing all forms of asthma.
Therapeutic Agents Available in Metered Dose Inhaler Duration Average Peak of Cost per Pregnancy Effect(*) Effect(*) Inhaler(**) Category Drug (minutes) (hours) ($) (FDA) [beta]-Adrenergic Isoproterenol 5-15 1-2 23.63 C Isoetharine 15-60 2-3 26.98 C Metaproterenol 30-60 3-4 20.23 C Terbutaline 60 4 22.10 B Albuterol 30-60 4 24.16 C Bitolterol 30-60 5 18.00 C Pirbuterol 30-60 5 18.82 C Anticholinergic Ipratropium 60-120 3-6 26.80 B Biscromones Cromolyn 15-30 2-6 37.15 B (*)Data from Physicians' Desk Reference,[13] Drug Evaluations,[15] and Bar-Yish ay et al.[16] (**) Derived from pharmacy price quotes.
The longer acting [beta]-adrenergic bronchodilators, bitolterol and formoterol (under investigation), show promise for the use in the treatment of this illness.[51-54]