Bioengineered Food

(redirected from Biotech Food)
Any food genetically modified to resist or tolerate pesiticides, insects, or viruses, or to decrease spoilage, produce antibodies, decrease fatty acid synthesis, or increase production of certain amino acids

food

Any material, including water, that provides the nutritive requirements of an organism to maintain growth and physical well-being. For humans, food includes carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, and minerals. See: carbohydrate; digestion; fat(2); nutrition; protein; stomach

bioengineered food

Genetically modified food.

food chain

See: chain

contamination of food

The presence, introduction, or development of infectious or toxic material in food. Food may be contaminated by chemical residues (such as pesticides), bacteria (Salmonella, Escherichia coli, Listeria), viruses (hepatitis A, Norwalk), protozoa (Giardia), worms (tapeworms and roundworms), molds (Aspergillus), or toxins (botulinum, staphylococcal enterotoxin).

convenience food

Food in which one or more steps in preparation have been completed before the product is offered for retail sale. Examples include frozen vegetables, bake mixes, heat-and-serve foods, and ready-to-eat foods.

dietetic food

Food in which the nutrient content has been modified for use in special diets, esp. for diabetics.

enriched food

A processed food that has lost nutrients during milling, grinding, pasteurization, or other processes and then had those nutrients added back to the marketed product. Two examples of vitamins commonly used in food enrichment are vitamins B1 and B2, thiamine and riboflavin, respectively.

fast food

Commercially available, ready-to-eat meals (such as hamburgers, hot dogs, pizza, fried chicken, or french fries) with a high fat content, little fiber, and minimal quantities of vitamins or calcium.

functional food

1. Food products with additives for which, following FDA approval, health claims can be made.
2. A food that has a defined health benefit for the person who consumes it.

genetically modified food

Any crop or agricultural product altered by biological engineering for drought resistance, increased growth, resistance to pests or pesticides, prolonged shelf-life, altered textures or flavors, or other economically or commercially desirable characteristics. Promoters of genetically modified foods point to their improved yields (which may have a beneficial impact on agricultural profits or world hunger). Opponents of genetic modification have raised concerns about its effects on ecosystems, human food allergies, and religious dietary laws.
Synonym: bioengineered food

junk food

A colloquial term for food that has limited nutritional value. Typically it refers to foods high in salt, sugar, fat, or calories with low nutrient content. These include most salted snack foods, candy, gum, most sweet desserts, fried fast food, and carbonated beverages.

medical food

A food formulated by the selective use of nutrients and manufactured for the dietary treatment of a specific condition or disease.

novel food

A nutritional source that has not been used in the past or one that has been made by a new manufacturing process, including, e.g., genetic modification.

organic food

A crop or animal product cultivated with specific guidelines that limit the use of petrochemicals, radiation, or genetically engineered technologies in its agriculture.

processed food

Raw food that has been adulterated or modified to increase its nutritional content or make it more palatable and easier to ship, to store, or to sell.

ready-to-use therapeutic food

Abbreviation: RUTF
A nutritional supplement consisting of a roasted, ground cereal and a roasted, ground legume, fortified with vitamins, minerals, and micronutrients. The cereal provides a source of carbohydrates; the legume, a source of protein. RUTFs are used to treat and prevent malnutrition in impoverished populations, esp. undernourished children.

risky food

Any food that is contaminated or more likely than most other foods to be contaminated with bacteria, carcinogens, or toxins.

textured food

Food products manufactured from various nutritional components made to resemble conventional protein-source foods in texture such as meat, seafood, or poultry.
References in periodicals archive ?
Earlier in May, the non-governmental organisation Food and Water Watch (FWW) released a report in which it highlighted how the US State Department aggressively pursues the biotech food industry's agenda by imposing the "policy objectives of the largest biotech seed companies on often sceptical or resistant governments and public, and exemplifies thinly veiled diplomacy".
China's global leadership in approving biotech rice and maize will likely become a positive role model and influence acceptance and speed of biotech food and feed crop adoption throughout Asia and globally," James added.
Neither biotech food nor nuclear power has demonstrated an ability to meet the needs for which they are touted (biotech because it fails to increase yields, nuclear because it is too expensive), and both pose enormous and unbounded environmental and safety risks.
Bt brinjal (eggplant) is the next biotech crop being considered for approval, and would be India's first biotech food crop.
Generally, this first generation of biotech food has been derived from plants modified through recombinant DNA technology to resist pests and herbicides, allowing increased yields, reductions in conventional chemical pesticides and decreased soil erosion.
In April the EU lifted a six-year moratorium on new biotech food, but just barely.
In regard to risk attitude (SAFE_1) we expect that if consumers are risk averse about food choices, they would pay a higher premium to avoid biotech food products.
This new approach throws a huge wrench into the expansive plans of the biotech food industry, because united Europe will have 450 million people when it adds ten more nations next spring and an internal consumer market larger than that of the United States.
But despite the lobbyists' celebrations and fear among a confused public, I believe we will see a market for British-grown biotech food.
Citizens need to weigh in on the biotech food debate, before there is no choice.
Slow donations, poor infrastructure, and concerns about biotech food were major obstacles to an effective response.