Biosphere 2

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Biosphere 2

An artificial enclosed ecosystem constructed in the late 1980s, which was intended to explore the interactions of livings systems with the environment. The structure contained 5 biomes— a rainforest, an ocean with a coral reef, mangrove wetlands, savannah grassland, fog desert—an agricultural area and human habitat. Heating and cooling water circulated through independent piping systems and passive solar input through the glass space frame panels covering most of the facility, and electrical power was supplied into Biosphere 2 from an onsite natural gas energy centre through airtight penetrations.It was intended to generate data about the viability of self-sufficiency in enclosed environments on other planets for future space exploration.
References in periodicals archive ?
Today, Biosphere II operates as a research lab and education center run by Columbia University for the 100 college students who come there to study each year.
In the Biosphere II project, people tried to live in a giant closed dome, like a terrarium.
Yet, he worries that Arcosanti, like Biosphere II, prefigures a "global systematization in green governmentality" (p.
Contemporary uses of the triangular-interdependent system include the Biosphere II, which has a stepped pyramid as one of its primary shapes, the pyramid entrance to the Pompidou Art Center in Paris, the Geodesic "golf ball" Epcot Center at Disney World, and the Superdome in Dallas.
Then the Smithsonian gave the project a jump-start by donating the actual mesocosm, which had been a prototype for the Biosphere II project.
Throughout his career, Perslow has lent his expertise to well-known projects around the world, including Biosphere II in Arizona.