bioprospecting


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Related to bioprospecting: Biopiracy and bioprospecting

bioprospecting

(bī′ō-prŏs′pĕk-tĭng)
n.
The attempt to discover in living organisms biochemicals or genetic sequences that have medical, agricultural, or industrial value.

bi′o·pros′pec·tor n.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

bioprospecting

The analysis of plants, animals, insects and other organisms in an ecosystem with high biodiversity for therapeutic candidate molecules and substances.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

bioprospecting

searching for economically valuable biochemical and genetic resources from ANIMALS, PLANTS and MICROORGANISMS in nature. Examples of products obtained include biochemicals with pharmaceutical activities, such as taxol with ANTI-TUMOUR activity; and enzymes, such as Taq POLYMERASE, from the THERMOPHILIC BACTERIUM Thermus aquaticus, used in the POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION.

Some definitions include exploitation of whole organisms, as in BIOPESTICIDES and BIOREMEDIATION.

Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Tao et al., "Clustered patterns of species origins of nature-derived drugs and clues for future bioprospecting," Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol.
Another example, similar in spirit to the pollination and bioprospecting examples I offered earlier, underscores this point.
Bioprospecting potential of fast growing endophytic bacteria from leaves of mangrove and salt-marsh plant species, Indian Journal of Biotechnology, 2010; 9: 397-402.
(19) One consequence of the lack of successful drug development from the bioprospecting surge is that the period is often regarded as having produced no tangible benefits.
While bioethicist and activist Vandana Shiva has been one of the biggest critics of bioprospecting by western multinationals, Indian sf authors such as Anil Menon, Manjula Padmanabhan, Priya Sarukkai Chabria, and Sukanya Datta have also challenged such biotechnological control in service to corporate greed: they interrogate scenarios in which human and animal bodies are assembled and disassembled as commodities or fused with machines and human and plant resources are genetically manipulated for profit maximization by seed giants of questionable motive such as Monsanto and Syngenta.
Hence, the immense biodiversity of our oceans (there are approximately twice as many phyla in the oceans as there are on land) provides a critical, fertile ground for natural products bioprospecting. The biodiversity is immense given that estimates of the microbial communities in each species of sponge and coral numbers in the thousands.
(32) A modern term, "bioprospecting," has arisen to describe a long-established discovery practice.