biomineralisation

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biomineralisation

The process by which microorganisms mediate and catalyse inorganic reactions to form mineralised structures. The goal of biomineralisation as a remediation tool is to control microbial processes and their environment, so as to sequester and immobilise specific heavy metals within exceptionally strong bonds of neo-formed mineral assemblages.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Conservation of ornamentals stone by Myxococcus xanthus-Induced carbonate biomineralization. Applied and Environmental Microbiology.
The introductions of the papers collectively sum up the importance of biomineralization and why geologists should care: organisms--prokaryotic starting nearly 4 billion years ago, eukaryotic barging in for the past half a billion or so--shouldered their way into virtually all geochemical cycles on Earth's surface to the point that most geochemical reactions are really biogeochemical.
The existence of interlayered mixtures of OCP and OHAp has been used to provide insights into the biomineralization processes, such as properties and non-stoichiometry of biological apatites, and a possible structural model for amorphous calcium phosphate (21,22).
Culture site dependence on pearl size realization in Pinctada margaritifera in relation to recipient oyster growth and mantle graft biomineralization gene expression using the same donor phenotype.
digitifera genes), and two biomineralization contigs identified in the A.
Furthermore, the presence of bioceramic facilitated the formation of a hydroxyapatite or apatite-like layer (biomineralization), which further stabilizes the structure and prevents the overdose of component leaching [31-33].
Chapter topics include structure and properties of enamel and dentin, biomineralization and biomimicry of tooth enamel, enamel and dentin bonding for adhesive restorations, enamel matrix proteins for periodontal regeneration, wear properties of dental ceramics, sol-gel derived bioactive glass ceramics, antibacterial composite restorative materials, composite-based oral implants, fibre-reinforced composites as dental materials, and luting cements for dental applications.
Kisailus is using the lessons learned from this biomineralization pathway as inspiration in his lab to guide the growth of minerals used in solar cells and lithium-ion batteries.
Biomineralization is discovered and applied in geological material consolidation [1, 2].
Bioactive glasses have been reported to promote and increase cellular adhesion, enhance osteoblast proliferation and differentiation and an increase in biomineralization process.
The study of the biomineralization process in wild plants is still not very advanced, since most works relay on the study of crops, no natural vegetation and no studies like the one performed here are made on the Cannaceae and related families.