However, and this is crucial for this organizational approach to biology: as important as it is for explaining living things, the historical dimension does not define their autonomous character: "We need history to understand where biological systems
came from ...
Haselhoff's work looks at how shapes are built into biological systems
. He says that biological systems
develop differently from conventionally engineered systems.
Computer models of biological systems
have many uses, from predicting potential side effects of new drugs to understanding the ability of plants to adjust to climate change, said Cranos Williams, an assistant professor of electrical engineering at the university and a researcher on the project.
Two research areas that are driving the need for expanded understanding of biological systems
are translational research and toxicology.
Developed by Henry Sodano and colleagues, it uses "shape-memory" polymers with an embedded fiber-optic network that functions as both the damage detection sensor and thermal stimulus delivery system to produce a response that mimics the advanced sensory and healing traits shown in biological systems
As compared to biological systems
for example, todayAAEs programmable machines are less efficient by a factor of one million to one billion in complex, real-world environments.
A vast array of physical and biological systems
across the Earth are being affected by warming temperatures caused by humans, says an analysis of information not previously assembled all in one spot.
KEY WORDS: Alcohol-induced disorders; alcohol research; biomedical research; systems biology; biological systems
; mathematical modeling; genomics; epigenomics; transcriptomics; metabolomics; proteomics
This text for advanced biology students highlights some of the design principles of biological systems
and provides a mathematical framework for understanding biological networks.
It is, however, neither the endless permutations of the idea of a common descent nor its paradigmatic force in directing scientific research but its global reach that has made this radical recasting of biological systems
a fundamental force defining the way millions of human beings conceive their relationship with the cosmos and its Creator.
"Bioinspiration & Biomimetics" publishes research involving the study of principles and functions found in biological systems
that have developed through evolution, and the application of that knowledge to produce new basic technologies and new approaches to solving scientific problems.
With the increased interest in the efficacy and function of natural antioxidants in foods and biological systems
, testing for antioxidant activity has received much attention.