Therefore, in the following paragraphs, this paper examines the construction of sex/gender in more detail, by reviewing the various social constructionist theorists particularly the feminist perspectives and those opposing arguments from the biological determinist
point of view.
Arguments from the biological determinist
perspective (suggesting a biological basis for body shape preferences), and from social psychology and sociology (stressing cultural relativity), are evaluated.
Yet, as Bolger notes, prehistory archaeologists must continue to counter "essentialist narratives." Because inequality in the profession minimizes women's roles in prehistoric societies, she says, gender and feminism are not yet integral in the discipline as challenges to biological determinist
and androcentric interpretations of the past.
It would be advantageous for Gilad's opponents if he were, as they claim, a banal biological determinist
who simply dislikes people according to the lottery of their DNA.
This article argues that the biological determinist
view of sexual orientation is best understood as a biopolitical position, drawing on Foucault's (1990) concept of biopower--the management of social groups through wielding power over bodies, both materially and discursively.
Karkazis's take on John Money is almost sympathetic compared to most academic and popular critiques that demonize him as either a crazed social constructionist or a rigid biological determinist
. She rightly points out that, rather than simplifying sex determination in intersex cases to a single factor, Money repeatedly argued that there were at least seven biological and psychological factors (although he tended to give much more weight to the sex of rearing).
of Massachusetts), who is a licensed psychologist specializing in ADHD, proposes new methods of treatment based on developing self-reliant and collaborative interacting, details the biological determinist
position and explains the problems and contradictions of traditional approaches.
Solomon's project is twofold: to characterize Nietzsche's affirmative virtue ethics (as superior to Kantian or Christian morality), and to defend Nietzsche against common moral criticisms, for example, that he is an elitist, a nihilist, a relativist, a proponent of cruelty and delight in suffering, a biological determinist
and/or a fatalist, who precludes the possibility of personal responsibility or the cultivation of virtue.
Tzannes sounds like a biological determinist
and contends that "we all are what we are, and there is nothing we can do about it--we have no choice in the matter" (p.
I credit my very presence in the academy to the legacy of anticolonial, anti-racist, feminist and progressive scholars who fought biological determinist
arguments over the last few centuries to make places for those of us deemed "unfit" and "unworthy."
This book is not a "feminist" disquisition of the 1990s, as the title might seem to suggest, but it is a serious rebuttal to extreme biological determinist
arguments by a prominent physical anthropologist and was originally published in 1953.