biodiesel


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biodiesel

An alternative fuel for internal combustion engines, which is produced from soybean, rapeseed, corn and other plant oils, as well as animal fats.

Pros
Fewer sulphur fumes, particulate matter,and carcinogens when subjected to internal combustion than petroleum-based fuels.
 
Cons
Unlikely to replace petroleum products given the potential demand; high costs of producing biodiesel from food crops.
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Table 17: US Biodiesel Industry - Leading Companies with Plants Under Construction Ranked by Annual Production Capacity (In Million Gallons) III-6 Product Launch III-7 Strategic Corporate Developments III-7 Focus on Select Players III-20 B.
Because it is highly biodegradable, biodiesel does not accumulate and pollute soil and waterways if it is spilt.
When treated with alcohols such as the commonly used methanol or ethanol, under either acidic or basic conditions, the end product is biodiesel.
But the fuel didn't take off until 2004, when Congress passed a law offering a $1-a-gallon tax credit for biodiesel made from agricultural resources.
Retail biodiesel pumps can also be found under the "Buying Biodiesel" section of www.
In mid-May, two investment firms commissioned an engineering study to examine the feasibility of building a biodiesel plant in Cavalier County, N.
In summertime, straight biodiesel can be burned safely and engine manufacturers guarantee their engines if the biodiesel used meets certain standards defined by the Association of Scientific, Technical and Medical Publishers.
However, Phillips adds that the biodiesel industry is working on methods to reduce NOX via an additive or catalyst.
In fact, biodiesel already is widely used in Europe, where tax policies are structured to support its use.
The biodiesel must be neutralized with an acid and then purified of the basic catalyst's remains.
Biodiesel can be put directly into the tank of any diesel vehicle.
With its immense agricultural sector, Brazil has the raw materials to become a leader in biodiesel production.