Also found in: Dictionary, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
1. The use of cells or biological molecules such as DNA to perform the functions of an electronic computer. Also called biological computing.
2. See bioinformatics.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
biocomputing(1) The use of computers to decipher various aspects of biological molecules—e.g., to determine molecular structure, energy states and dynamics.
(2) The computing activities and research on biochemical or biological phenomena—e.g., neural networking, biosensors and molecular design.
(3) The use of biomolecules—e.g., DNA and proteins—to perform complex calculations involving storing, retrieving and processing of data.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.
biocomputingbroadly, the use of computers for any biological purpose including data storage and analysis, see BIOINFORMATICS; addressing biological questions, for example using computer chips, such as DNA CHIPS/DNA MICROARRAYS and PROTEIN CHIPS, computer modelling, animations, virtual laboratories and so on. Conversely, the use of biological processes as a model for developing new computing systems (biologically-inspired computing).
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005