1973 By transferring a gene from an African clawed toad into the DNA of a bacteria, biochemists
Stanley Cohen and Herbert Boyer pioneer genetic engineering.
I have worked closely with clinical biochemists
throughout the world, being a member of the Scientific Division of IFCC for 6 years.
In his new work, Slouching Towards Gomorrah: Modern Liberalism and American Decline, Bork pins his own anti-evolutionary attack on Darwin's Black Box: The Biochemical Challenge to Evolution, a recent book by biochemist
Beginning in 1937, the German-born British biochemist
Hans Adolf Krebs (1900-1981) found two six-carbon acids, including the familiar citric acid, that also played a role.
used the machine in order to analyze the effect of cigarette smoke on pulmonary surfactant the chemical compound that keeps air sacs in the lungs from sticking together each time air is exhaled--which the medical community in the late sixties considered a key to understanding a possible cause of emphysema.
I've picked him because he's a biochemist
, so he understands what I tell him.
In 1930, however, the American biochemist
John Howard Northrop (1891-1987) managed to crystallize, not a rather off-beat enzyme such as urease, but the very well-known digestive enzyme pepsin and showed it to be a protein.
To the skeptical eye of Shapiro, a biochemist
at New York University, those explanations that have been offered look more like mythology than like science.
have also modified inteins so that when they hack themselves from a protein, they leave the exposed protein ends susceptible to forming a bond with another protein.
Furthermore, the biochemists
argue, a variety of ocean-based compounds, including dissolved salts, sulfur or iron, an ice cap, or a worldwide slick of naturally produced oil, could have supplemented this UV protection.
Now, an international team of biochemists
and structural biologists has uncovered the active elements that allow one of the most important enzymes to convert a saturated fat into an unsaturated one.
So far, biologists and biochemists
have done much of the work in describing self-assembly, says Whitesides.