artificial liver(redirected from Bioartificial Liver)
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.
artificial liverBiotech A cartridge with cloned human liver cells, through which blood flows to facilitate removal of waste products. See Extracorporeal liver assist device, Liver dialysis.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
A biomechanical device typically combining a system of filters to remove toxins from the blood with hepatic cells or tissue. It is designed to support patients with hepatic failure temporarily until a donor liver becomes available for transplantation.
See also: liver
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
artificial liverAn as yet unrealized entity that is, nevertheless, the subject of promising research and development. Current ambitions are to produce extracorporeal devices that will enable patients with liver failure to be kept alive until regeneration of transplantation is achieved. The principal difficulty arises from the large number of different metabolic functions performed by the liver. A promising approach is the use of cloned human liver cells grown around numerous fine semipermeable tubules through which the patient's blood is passed.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005