Although there are advanced imaging modalities, such as MRCP, for the preoperative presentation of the anatomy of the biliary system
, it is not routinely used in surgery except for liver transplantation or the exploration of choledochal stones and other similar processes.
The diagnosis of biliary system
parasites is challenging with conventional radiological methods.
Given our and others studies anaerobes are rare in the human biliary system
; therefore, if antibiotic therapy is considered, aerobic coverage should be satisfactory.
(5) Persistence of fistulae is due to the negative pressure within the pericardial space and relatively elevated pressure within the biliary system
from sphincter of Oddi.
[18-10] In all of these cases, a pancreatic gross mass had been detected, but no mass was found in our case to suggest any malignancy in the pancreas or biliary system
. We intended to share it with the literature because of the occult pancreatic carcinoma and its presentation with VTE.
sinensis parasitize in the biliary system
and thus could cause liver and biliary disorders. Adults of Paragonimus spp.mainly parasitize in lung and thus could lead to the damage of lung. Based on these two clues (epidemiological history and clinical symptoms), an infection with Paragonimus spp.
In their classification, the branching pattern of the biliary system
at the hepatic confluence is grouped as follows:
Several approaches exist to access the biliary system
in this patient population.
The sea lamprey (Petromyzon marinus) is a jawless vertebrate that during metamorphosis from larvae to parasitic juveniles progressively loses the biliary system
until complete biliary degeneration.
Therefore, bacteria can flow from the heavily loaded colon to the sterile biliary system
and result in various clinical forms of cholangitis including septic shock from biliary sepsis.
Hemobilia is defined as bleeding within the biliary system
. In the past, hemobilia-related trauma was common.
The biliary tree, or biliary system
, refers to the liver, gallbladder and bile ducts and how they work together.