bile salts


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bile salts

the salt forms of bile acids; for example, taurocholate, glycocholate.

bile salts

The sodium salts found in bile. Sodium taurocholate and sodium glycocholate. These salts act as emulsifying agents to assist in the absorption of dietary fats.

bile salts

the sodium salts secreted in bile, sodium taurocholate and sodium glycocholate, which greatly lower surface tension and are important in emulsifying fats.
References in periodicals archive ?
Bile acids are normally secreted from hepatocytes across the canalicular membrane via the bile salt export protein (BSEP), as well as the Phase III transporter MRP2.
The median predicted bile salt hydrolase (BSH) gene abundance in rCDI was 20% of the median value in controls (P = .001), and it also was significantly lower than in fCDI (P = .001).
D30 The added duodenal juice also contained D60 889 unit lipase activity/mL and 2.4 D120 mM bile salts. All the digestion steps from G40 to D120 were followed by the preceding digestion step(s).
We focused on the inhibition of HMG-CoA reductase, the rate-controlling enzyme in cholesterol biosynthesis, as well on the balance between circulating lipoprotein-cholesterol levels, bile flow and on levels of cholesterol, phospholipids and bile salts secreted in bile.
Second, bile salt micelles can act as carriers for fatty acids and HOCs, which are able to traverse the unstirred water layer (UWL) along the intestinal wall (9,23).
In addition to the biorelevant media, pharmacopeial media and blank media not including the bile salts and phospholipids were also used to assess the pH effects.
mirabilis, Whitby, et al., 1945; MacConkey, et al., 1999; Sokokski, and Stapert, 1963 and Williams, 1973, have been used numerous media to prevent this swarming, among these are very dry plate, MacConkey medium containing bile salt, ferrous ions and P-nitrophenyl glycerin.
When it spots one, it fires off an injection of vinegar or bile salts to kill the starfish, with no harm to the reef.
Taurine is linked to bile acids in the liver to form bile salts. During digestion, these compounds are secreted into the small intestine, where they function to aid in fat digestion.
Betjes and Bajema (2006) reported that elevated plasma concentrations of bile salts and bilirubin might be responsible for induction of nephrotoxicity.
The divers inject the starfish with a solution of bile salts or white vinegar, which kill the starfish without hurting other marine life.