bile acid(redirected from Bile acids and salts)
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Any of the liver-generated steroid acids, such as cholic acid, that commonly occur in the bile in combination with glycine and taurine as sodium salts.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
bile acidEither of several acids—e.g., cholic acid (CA), chenodeoxycholic acid (CDA)—which are formed in the liver and converted by intestinal bacteria into deoxycholic acid (from CA) and lithocholic acid (from CDA), which are known as secondary BAs. BAs are conjugated in the liver to glycine or taurinese conjugates; glycocholic acid and taurocholic acid form sodium and potassium salts in the alkaline bile in the liver. These conjugated bile acids have a central role in the emulsification and absorption of fatty acids.
< 60 µg/mL—as cholylglycine.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.