muscle dysmorphia

(redirected from Bigorexia)
A specific type of body dysmorphic disorder in which a person—usually male, average age 20—becomes obsessed with building muscle to the point where it impacts on his/her interactions with others, employment and his self-image. It is regarded as a treatment-resistant mental disorder, which typically occurs in bodybuilders who, while very muscular and physically fit, see a '97-pound weakling' in the mirror
Risk factors Bullying during primary, secondary school, family dysfunction, perfectionism, severe stress, aesthetic focus and negative influence of mass culture that promotes an idealised Arnold Schwarzenegger-type body
Management Antidepressants

muscle dysmorphia

Sports medicine A mental disorder seen in bodybuilders who, although very muscular and physically fit, still see the proverbial “90-pound weakling” when viewing themselves in the mirror Management Antidepressants. Cf Anorexia nervosa.

muscle dysmorphia

, muscle dysmorphic disorder
A body image disorder principally experienced by males, characterized by excessive fear about one's body size, esp. a concern that one's muscles are not large enough. Boys affected by muscle dysmorphia often take drugs, e.g., androgenic or anabolic steroids, to increase their body size. The syndrome is also known colloquially as bigorexia or vigorexia.
Synonym: reverse anorexia See: body dysmorphic disorder

Muscle dysmorphia

A subtype of BDD, described as excessive preoccupation with muscularity and body building to the point of interference with social, educational, or occupational functioning.
References in periodicals archive ?
While anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and eating disorder not otherwise specified are the most frequent disorders in women (Hudson, Hiripi, Pope, & Kessler, 2007), muscle dysmorphia or bigorexia is generally found in men (Pope, Gruber, Choi, Olivardia, & Phillips, 1997).
A revisao sistematica da literatura constou de uma busca nas bases de dados Web of Science, BVS (Biblioteca Virtual em Saude) e Pubmed, em julho de 2013, utilizando os seguintes termos: muscle dysmorphia OR bigorexia.
Health watchdogs are concerned about a rise in the number of sufferers of bigorexia, also known as reverse anorexia, which develops from a fixation to build muscle mass.
The Politics of Bigorexia," "'But it's Only a Fat Suit
Some steroid users have what is called bigorexia, it's the opposite to anorexia.
I believe Pope, Hudson, and colleagues called it bigorexia.
If you have anorexia, bulimia, binge eating, bigorexia or excessively exercise to such an extent that your personal, professional or everyday life is affected, it would be extremely helpful if you felt able to get in touch and speak with one of our researchers.
Bigorexia is seen in weightlifters and body-builders who have a desire to be big at all costs.
The recent identification of bigorexia or muscle dysmorphia, where people (usually men) have a distorted perception of their muscular size and feel ashamed of looking too underdeveloped or puny, has added to this debate (Shabi, 2001).
Muscle dysmorphia, also referred to as reverse anorexia" or bigorexia nervosa because of its analogous similarities to women with anorexia nervosa, is what one former bodybuilder named Ken(*) has struggled with for years.
If he's not willing to stop and is obsessed with how he looks, he could be suffering from bigorexia, an obsessive disorder in which men desperately want to be more muscular.
Some of the new generation antidepressants known as SSRIs (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors) have been found to help obsessive conditions such as bigorexia.