muscle dysmorphia

(redirected from Bigorexia)
A specific type of body dysmorphic disorder in which a person—usually male, average age 20—becomes obsessed with building muscle to the point where it impacts on his/her interactions with others, employment and his self-image. It is regarded as a treatment-resistant mental disorder, which typically occurs in bodybuilders who, while very muscular and physically fit, see a '97-pound weakling' in the mirror
Risk factors Bullying during primary, secondary school, family dysfunction, perfectionism, severe stress, aesthetic focus and negative influence of mass culture that promotes an idealised Arnold Schwarzenegger-type body
Management Antidepressants

muscle dysmorphia

Sports medicine A mental disorder seen in bodybuilders who, although very muscular and physically fit, still see the proverbial “90-pound weakling” when viewing themselves in the mirror Management Antidepressants. Cf Anorexia nervosa.

muscle dysmorphia

, muscle dysmorphic disorder
A body image disorder principally experienced by males, characterized by excessive fear about one's body size, esp. a concern that one's muscles are not large enough. Boys affected by muscle dysmorphia often take drugs, e.g., androgenic or anabolic steroids, to increase their body size. The syndrome is also known colloquially as bigorexia or vigorexia.
Synonym: reverse anorexia See: body dysmorphic disorder

Muscle dysmorphia

A subtype of BDD, described as excessive preoccupation with muscularity and body building to the point of interference with social, educational, or occupational functioning.
References in periodicals archive ?
These include both disordered eating practices (e.g., bulimia) and those directly linked to sports (e.g., bigorexia), yet the latter have hitherto been reported as being exclusive to males.
Gym staff at the University of Birmingham are being shown how to detect those suffering from a range of eating disorders - from anorexia and EDNOS, to 'bigorexia'.
Contribution para el criterio diagnostico de la Dismorfia Muscular (Vigorexia) [Contribution to the diagnostic criteria for Muscle Dysmorphia (Bigorexia)].
(38) The "psychopathology of everyday food" is underlined by the current numbers of overweight and eating disorder cases, such as anorexia and bulimia; (39) and of deviant eating behaviors, or dysmorphic disorders, such as orthorexia nervosa and bigorexia nervosa.
A revisao sistematica da literatura constou de uma busca nas bases de dados Web of Science, BVS (Biblioteca Virtual em Saude) e Pubmed, em julho de 2013, utilizando os seguintes termos: muscle dysmorphia OR bigorexia.
Prevalencia del trastorno en fisicoculturistas y usuarios de la sala de musculacion [Elements to take part in the profile of a person affected with Muscle Dysmorphia (Bigorexia).
17 ( ANI ): Experts have warned that many men who are unhappy with their bodies are resorting to unsafe dietary and exercise habits and risking suffering from 'bigorexia' disorder or muscle dysmorphia.
But soon a phenomenon dubbed "Bigorexia" - body dysmorphia - kicks in.
It was originally identified as "bigorexia" or "reverse anorexia nervosa," when first seen in clinical cases (Pope et al., 2000a; Pope et al., 1997).
Health watchdogs are concerned about a rise in the number of sufferers of bigorexia, also known as reverse anorexia, which develops from a fixation to build muscle mass.
"Some steroid users have what is called bigorexia, it's the opposite to anorexia.