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One of several red plant pigments; a betalain. An example is betanin. Elevated in urine of patients with beeturia.
[L. beta, beet, + G. kyanos, dark blue substance, + -in]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
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Ilieva, "Biosynthesis and radical scavenging activity of betalains during the cultivation of red beet (Beta vulgaris) hairy root cultures," Zeitschrift fur Naturforschung--Section C Journal of Biosciences, vol.
White 'pitaya' processing to extract the pulp generates a large quantity of residues, such as peels, which can be used for the extraction of betalains (betacyanins and betaxanthins) (Liaotrakoon et al., 2013; Mello et al., 2015).
sessilis grown under different combinations of growth regulators and light qualities, aiming at evaluating whether these factors can increase betalain and flavonoid production.
In addition, the presence of compounds such as polyphenols, or compounds with hydroxyl groups (betalains) that can form a complex with starch [34], helps compact the cereal matrix to increase the efficiency of molecular packing [35].
Mosshammer et al., "Color, betalain pattern, and antioxidant properties of cactus pear (Opuntia spp.) clones," Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol.
Absorption, excretion and distribution of dietary antioxidant betalains in LDLs: potential health effects of betalains in humans.
However, this residue can be used as raw material for the extraction of pigments, due to the presence of betalains which present attractive and stable color (LI-CHEN et al., 2006).
Acute supplementation with betalain, an antioxidant in beetroot, improved 5-km running performance by 1.4% and reduced muscle-damage markers, soreness and fatigue in a double-blind crossover with 15 recreational runners [2871].
Betalain extraction from Hylocereus ployrhizus for food coloring purposes.
Zryd, "Characterization of a tyrosinase from Amanita muscaria involved in betalain biosynthesis," Phytochemistry, vol.
Cacti-Nea offers anti-water properties for a slimmer body and antioxidant protection thanks to its high content of indicaxanthin, the most bioavailable betalain pigment.