betaine(redirected from Betaines)
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be·ta·ine(bē'tă-īn), Avoid the mispronunciation bē'tān.
1. An oxidation product of choline and a transmethylating intermediate in metabolism.
2. A class of compounds related to betaine. (1) (that is, R3N+-CHR'-COO-), for example, glycine betaine.
Synonym(s): glycine betaine
betaine/be·ta·ine/ (be´tah-ēn) the carboxylic acid derived by oxidation of choline; it acts as a transmethylating metabolic intermediate and is used in the treatment of homocystinuria. The hydrochloride salt is used as a gastric acidifier.
1. A sweet-tasting crystalline alkaloid, C5H11NO2, found in sugar beets and other plants, used to treat certain metabolic disorders, especially an enzyme defect that causes excessive levels of homocysteine in the blood and urine.
2. Any of several alkaloids with similar structures.
An oxidation product of choline and a transmethylating intermediate in metabolism.
the carboxylic acid derived by oxidation of choline; it acts as a transmethylating metabolic intermediate.