betaine

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betaine

 [be´tah-ēn]
the carboxylic acid derived by oxidation of choline; it acts as a transmethylating metabolic intermediate and is used in the treatment of homocystinuria. The hydrochloride salt is used as a gastric acidifier.

be·ta·ine

(bē'tă-īn), Avoid the mispronunciation bē'tān.
1. An oxidation product of choline and a transmethylating intermediate in metabolism.
2. A class of compounds related to betaine. (1) (that is, R3N+-CHR'-COO-), for example, glycine betaine.
Synonym(s): glycine betaine

betaine

/be·ta·ine/ (be´tah-ēn) the carboxylic acid derived by oxidation of choline; it acts as a transmethylating metabolic intermediate and is used in the treatment of homocystinuria. The hydrochloride salt is used as a gastric acidifier.

betaine

(bē′tə-ēn′, -ĭn)
n.
1. A sweet-tasting crystalline alkaloid, C5H11NO2, found in sugar beets and other plants, used to treat certain metabolic disorders, especially an enzyme defect that causes excessive levels of homocysteine in the blood and urine.
2. Any of several alkaloids with similar structures.

be·ta·ine

(bā'tă-ēn)
An oxidation product of choline and a transmethylating intermediate in metabolism.

betaine

the carboxylic acid derived by oxidation of choline; it acts as a transmethylating metabolic intermediate.
References in periodicals archive ?
Glycine betaine and trehalose act as osmoprotectants by stabilizing quaternary structures of proteins and highly ordered states of membranes.
D-Ononitol IMT1 (myo-inositol O-methyl trans- tobacco ferase) of common ice plant Sorbitol Stpd1 (sorbitol-6-phosphate dehy- Japanese persimmon drogenase) of apple, driven by CaMV 35S promoter Glycine betaine Arthrobacter globiformis CodA Arabidopsis (choline oxidase) A.
Interest in the medical use of betaine [2(N,N,N-trimethyl-ammonium) acetate] has been generated by the knowledge of its importance as an alternative homocysteine methylating agent.
Here, we report a simple and sensitive isocratic HPLC-UV method for the determination of DMG and betaine in plasma and urine.
GB is synthesized in plants from serine via ethanolamine, choline, and betaine aldehyde (Hanson and Scott 1980).
In the 1989 field samples, total QAC levels in the betaine fraction were initially determined on half the sample by a spectrophotometric periodide assay (Ladyman et al.
INCI: Olivamidopropyl betaine and olivamidopropylamine oxide
One of the newest is Dehyton AO 45, a high-performance algal betaine for use in home and personal care applications that was developed by BASF and Solazyme.
SLMI, on the other hand, in combination with cocamidopropyl betaine or other amphoterics, shows good thickening ability with electrolytes.
Tertiary amities or alkyldimethylamines (DIIVILA; C12-C14 chain length) are key raw materials for amine oxides, betaines, and quats, all of which are surfactants used in a wide variety of industrial and personal and home care markets.