harmala parts included sucrose, harmine, proline, lysine, betaine
, acetic acid, harmaline, vasicine, choline, 4-hydroxyisoleucine, and asparagine.
The Effects of Salt Treatment on Proline and Glycine Betaine
For osmotic adjustment, plants use inorganic ions such as [Na.sup.+] and [K.sup.+] and/or synthesize organic compatible solutes such as proline, betaine
, polyols, and soluble sugars.
Interest in the medical use of betaine
[2(N,N,N-trimethyl-ammonium) acetate] has been generated by the knowledge of its importance as an alternative homocysteine methylating agent.
Cycloteric[R] - Alkyl dimethyl betaines
, Alkyl amido betaines
, Alkyl amino propionates, Amphoacetates
Type Electrical Charge Anchoring Groups Anionic Negative Phosphates, Sulfonates, Sulfates, Carboxylates Cationic Positive Quaternary Ammonium Salts of fatty amines Amphoteric pH dependent Betaines
, Phospholipids Non ionic No Charge Ethoxylates Table 2: Surface tension of common solvents used in coatings Solvent Surface tension, mN/m Mineral Spirits 25.20 Xylene 30.10 MEK 24.60 Ethyl Acetate 23.90 Water 72.80 Table 3.
Schnaare, "Antimicrobial evaluation of N-alkyl betaines
and N-alkyl-N, N-dimethyl-amine oxides with variations in chain length," Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, vol.
Dimethylaminopropylamine (DMAPA) is mainly consumed in the production of betaines
, which are used as co-surfactants in personal care products like shampoo and body wash.
Miller, "Surface Active Betaines
," in Amphoteric Swfactants, B.L.
The class of amphoteric surfactants is represented by betaines
and certain lecithins, while nonionic surfactants include polyethylene oxide, alcohols, and other polar groups.
Determination of betaines
by fast atom bombardment mass spectrometry: identification of glycine betaine
deficient genotypes of Zea mays.
in particular will benefit from their ability to replace diethanolamine in formulations where nitrosamine formation is of concern.