beta cell(redirected from Beta-cell)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.
Related to Beta-cell: Islet of Langerhans
1. Any of the insulin-producing cells of the islets of Langerhans in the pancreas.
2. Any of the basophilic chromophil cells located in the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland.
beta cellA pancreatic endocrine cell that comprises up to 80% of the cells in the islets of Langerhans, which produces and releases insulin. Beta cells are destroyed or dysfunctional in type-1 diabetes, function suboptimally in type-2 diabetes and become neoplastic in insulinomas. Beta cells were once distinguished solely on the basis of differential staining from other cells designated A, C and D
1. Any of the insulin-secreting cells of the pancreas that constitute the bulk of the islets of Langerhans. Synonym: B cell
2. A basophil cell of the adenohypophysis (anterior pituitary gland).
See also: cell