beta cell

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Related to Beta-cell: Islet of Langerhans

beta cell

n.
1. Any of the insulin-producing cells of the islets of Langerhans in the pancreas.
2. Any of the basophilic chromophil cells located in the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

beta cell

A pancreatic endocrine cell that comprises up to 80% of the cells in the islets of Langerhans, which produces and releases insulin. Beta cells are destroyed or dysfunctional in type-1 diabetes, function suboptimally in type-2 diabetes and become neoplastic in insulinomas. Beta cells were once distinguished solely on the basis of differential staining from other cells designated A, C and D
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

beta cell

1. Any of the insulin-secreting cells of the pancreas that constitute the bulk of the islets of Langerhans. Synonym: B cell
2. A basophil cell of the adenohypophysis (anterior pituitary gland).
See also: cell
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
It set out to answer the following question: In adolescents with impaired glucose tolerance or recently diagnosed T2DM, can beta-cell function be preserved or improved during 12 months of active treatment and maintained for 3 months following the withdrawal of therapy?
McGuckin, "Oxidative and endoplasmic reticulum stress in beta-cell dysfunction in diabetes," Journal of Molecular Endocrinology, vol.
Type 2 diabetes-a matter of beta-cell life and death?
A total of 766 patients who were not categorised to be "at risk" of developing diabetes by conventional methods were detected with one or more biomarkers of IR or beta-cell dysfunction.
Unlike tumors, which sprout new blood vessels as they grow, the beta-cell tissue increased its blood supply by dilating existing vessels.
Therefore, after the onset of autoimmune diabetes, ATRA cannot halt autoimmune beta-cell destruction.
Thanks to previous research, they knew that when the insulin pathway is blocked in the liver, there's some process that induces the pancreas to make more insulin-secreting beta-cells in response.
Soluble Extracellular Molecules and Drugs Improving Beta-Cell Function
Pancreatic beta-cell growth and survival in the onset of type 2 diabetes: a role for protein kinase B in the Akt?
After four months, beta-cell function improved by 26 percent in the vitamin D takers and worsened by 14 percent in those who got no vitamin D.