beta cells


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.

beta cells

1. The cells in the islets of Langerhans in the PANCREAS that produce insulin.
2. The basophil cells of the front lobe of the PITUITARY GLAND.
References in periodicals archive ?
By targeting the protein and adding a physical enrichment method, the purity of beta cells improved from 30 percent to 80 percent.
This revealed that they have more delta cells than they should have, suggesting that diabetes might be causing some of the beta cells to turn into delta cells in people as well as in cells in the laboratory.
In type 1 diabetes it attacks the beta cells in the pancreas so that little or no insulin can be produced.
"The cells behave much more like beta cells in people who don't have diabetes."
M2 EQUITYBITES-January 22, 2019-ViaCyte & Center for Beta Cell Therapy in Diabetes partnership begins clinical trial of human stem cell-derived implants in Type 1 diabetes patients in Europe
More recently, scientists have discovered that having a deficient number of functioning beta cells can contribute to the development of type 2 diabetes.
In the current study, the team identified a second class of drugs that causes human beta cells to rapidly replicate when given in combination with harmine.
In a 68-year-old alcoholic, the number of beta cells decreased, and the alpha cells increased (Fig.
"In our new study, we are able to show that beta cells from diabetic mice have an increased amount of the ss3 subunit and that this causes an altered Ca2+ pattern, a reduced release of insulin, and thereby impaired blood glucose regulation," says Per-Olof Berggren, Professor at the Rolf Luft Research Centre for Diabetes and Endocrinology at the Department of Molecular Medicine and Surgery at Karolinska Institute, who led the study.
Our data suggest that substantial weight loss at the time of diagnosis is appropriate to rescue the beta cells."
We are very pleased with the progress we are making towards a potential game changing beta cell therapy approach and remain committed to discover additional treatment options together with our colleagues at Sanofi.
First, there must be a guaranteed supply of suitable islets or beta cells. Like other transplantation types, the amount of donor tissue is often limited.