Bertillon, Alphonse

(redirected from Bertillon)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.


Alphonse, chief of criminal investigation for Paris police, 1853-1914.
Bertillon system - identification system. Synonym(s): anthropometry
Bertillon cephalometer
References in periodicals archive ?
Within his office at Calcutta, Henry grew increasingly disquieted over the existing system of identifying criminals, a method devised by Alphonse Bertillon, Prefect of Police in Paris, in the 1880s and adopted by many police forces around the world.
49) The same reasoning applies, of course, in support of the admissibility of Bertillon measurements.
Naive young Violette Andre, making her living in Paris following the closure of her convent by the Combes government, finds herself deeply involved in the case, as tenant in Etienne's house on the Rue Vaugirard and as secretary to Alphonse Bertillon, an actual police pioneer in the anthropomorphic identification of criminals.
The best thing in "I & A" is a cabinet of photographs of arrestees at a Paris police station, made by Alphonse Bertillon in 1890, which proves conclusively that nonart made at the behest of bad science (in this case, the visual study of "criminal types") is much more powerful as ironic post-Modern art than .
2) When in 1898 the force joined the international Bertillon identification system for identifying criminals headquartered in Chicago, it had obtained the latest fad for institutions aligned against crime and disorderly living.
The work of Cesare Lombroso, Alphonse Bertillon (the creator of the "mug shot"), and Thomas Byrnes dominate the chapter.
Chicago law enforcers pioneered the use of the Bertillon criminal identification system in 1888 and finger printing in 1904.
Photographs and demonstrational objects that were made and used as part of the anthropometric work of Alphonse Bertillon, Cesare Lombroso, and other 19th-century scientists turn out to be visually potent in an art context; "Identity and Alterity" presents them, in fact, as models some Modern artists followed.